Posts in June 1997

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: 01 Jun 97 17:42:09 EDT
From: “J.C.”
Subject: CAC List Mail: Re: China’s MFN status

Dear Friends:

The debate regarding China’s MFN status is complex. I hope that the dialogue continues
to focus on the merits and limitations of either side and that it does not become one
“Christian” perspective versus another. Most Christians can probably agree on the common
end goals of greater democratic reform & religious freedoms in China. The issue at hand then
becomes: “Which policy will have a greater influence towards positive change in China?”

The appeal on either side should not to be Christians per se then. It should be to all
Americans: conservative or liberal, Republican or Democrat. Otherwise, the blame for the
failure or success of U.S. policy towards China will be pinned on Christians. And that which
we fear: (“persecution will escalate; Christian work in China will be further curtailed…”)
may be indirectly related to the attempts to mobilize only American Christians towards one
particular view.

It is unfair to imply that anyone holding a particular view is not being “cool-minded.”
It is possible to genuinely hold an “anti-MFN” view while being totally calm, logical, &

Westerners do need to appreciate the intricate Chinese political & cultural mindset from the
historical perspective. China will not “jump” just because the U.S. tells her to do so.
Yet the many years of continued granting of MFN status & U.S. engagement since the Tienanmen
Square massacre in 1989 has borne little fruit of greater religious freedoms. China has little
incentive to improve its human rights record knowing that the U.S. is so timid. The “carrot”
of future progress through continued open dialogue & engagement is repeated dangled in front
of our political leaders every time the debate about MFN occurs.

When China’s MFN is approved then she releases a few political prisoners as a token gesture.
But otherwise life goes on for the many religious/political dissidents languishing in China’s
prisons as America finishes its rounds of debate on a triennial basis.

J. Chang

P.S. Gary Bauer is president of the Family Research Council, a ministry separate from Focus
on the Family but which works closely together on many fronts.


Re: China’s MFN status

Dear friends:

Enclosed is an urgent appeal letter from Rev. Dr. Samuel Ling responding to
activities led by several Christian leaders (including Gary Bauer who is
connected with Focus on the Family) attempting to revoke China’s Most Favored
Nation status. I noted on previous postings for the CAC list that there has
been concern over China’s religious policy as it impacts Christians. I hope
that this letter (and the press release being sent under separate email
message) will prove informative. I also hope that it is not too late to
respond. Please contact Sam Ling directly if you would like to support this
appeal at the phone numbers and email address below. Thanks! – Tim Tseng


Institute for Chinese Studies
The Billy Graham Center
Wheaton College
Wheaton, IL 60187
Phone: (630) 752-5951
FAX: (630) 961-5278
Home Phone: (630) 961-5264
Home FAX: (630) 961-5278

May 20, 1997

Dear Christian Leader:

This is an urgent appeal for your help.

Debate over China heats up with President Clinton’s announcement yesterday of
this policy to renew China’s Most Favored Nation (MFN) status. A number of
Christian organizations are calling for an end to China’s MFN status due to
her human rights record. A press conference is scheduled tomorrow morning,
May 21.

America needs to know that there is another Christian voice, tempered with
the wisdom of history, which is equally committed to religious freedom in
China. Open confrontation with China will backfire: persecution will
escalate; Christian work in China will be further curtailed; the economies of
the U.S., China, Taiwan and Hong Kong will suffer; the very activities which
assist the church in China and bring about a more open society will likely

We need you to join other leading Christians in America to declare that there
are other ways to enhance China’s human rights situation which are more
effective. Can you please sign the enclosed letter and return it to us this
afternoon? The public will know that there is another effective way to work
for religious freedom in China.

Please respond. We wait on you this afternoon. If you are aware of any
other Christian leader who may be interested in signing this appeal, kindly
forward the appeal letter. Thank you.

Sincerely in Christ,
Samuel Ling, Ph.D.

P.S. Please sign; and write you name, organization and title beneath your

[Attached Letter]

An Appeal to Our Brothers and Sisters who are Concerned about China
May 20, 1997

As Americans debate President Clinton’s initiative to renew China’s Most
Favored Nation (MFN) status in the next few weeks, we need to be cool-minded
and draw wisdom from history. An emotional response to vent our righteous
anger will reap long term negative consequences.

MFN is not a single, isolate issue. It is the core of America’s engagement
policy toward China. Taking it away will hurt the Chinese people,
particularly those who are persecuted because of their religious faith.
Hostilities will escalate between the United States and China:
America-bashing is already in full bloom in China; American sanctions will
make the U.S. the number one enemy in the minds of the Chinese people. China
has published at least six best-selling anti-American diatribes since last
summer. When U.S.-China relationships deteriorate, Christians in China will
be blamed, and penalized. The very activities which assist the church in
China, and help bring about a more open China, will likely come to an end.

With MFN, the economies of the U.S., China, Taiwan and Hong Kong will all
suffer. The private sector will be more vulnerable to government policies.
China will become more isolated. History shows that as the U.S. engages
China and a more open, pluralistic atmosphere prevails, both the the standard
of living and human rights and freedoms – including religious freedom – tend
to improve.

There are many positive steps Americans can take to improve human rights in
China. Many opportunities for direct assistance to families of Christian
prisoners and those who have fled China because of persecution exist.
Americans can also expand our commitment of time and resources to serve the
Chinese people. Private, one-on-one dialogue, toward leaders in China and
Chinese scholars and visitors in the U.S., is the best context to demonstrate
that freedom, human rights and rule of law are intrinsic to a progressive
society. Currently only 20% of the 300,000 Chinese scholars and students
were invited to an American home; how would the future history of China be
written differently, if every one of them experiences American generosity and

The well-intentioned but misguided efforts by some Christian groups to call
for an end to China’s MFN status will strengthen the hands of hard-line
leaders in China. It is time we learn from history, and pray that
opportunities to serve the church in China, and to enhance a more open,
pluralistic society would be preserved and enhanced.


[If you would like to join our appeal, please sign, give your name, title,
and organization. FAX it to us this afternoon: (630) 752-5916]

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
From: “DJ Chuang”
Date: Tue, 3 Jun 1997 14:52:03 -0500
Subject: CAC List Mail: about CAC

[This is a monthly posting; * marks What’s New; we now have over 200

FAQ: Frequently Asked Questions about CAC (3 Jun 97)

Q: What is this CAC mailing list?
A: The CAC Forum is an informal “mailing list” online discussion for Chinese
American Christians, where we discuss many issues related to (but not limited
to) Chinese American Christians, including campus ministry and ethnic church
issues, as well as some political issues concerning Asian Americans. As an
informal forum, you may also share ministry opportunities and prayer requests

Q: How many subscribers are there on CAC?
A: Currently we have more than 200 ministry leaders and laypersons. Please
forward this message to others who may be interested in the CAC forum.

Q: How do you post a message to the CAC forum?
A: Send an email message to “” [without quotes], and a copy of
your message will be sent to all CAC subscribers.

Q: How do you unsubscribe (stop receiving CAC messages)?
A: Send an email message to “” and on the first line of the
message body, write “unsubscribe cac” [without quotes].

Q: How do you subscribe to CAC (start receiving CAC messages)?
A: Send an email message to “” and on the first line of the
message body, write “subscribe cac your_name” [without quotes]. Put your first
and last name in the place of your_name. You’ll receive a confirmation/
welcome message to say you’re a new subscriber.

Q: Is there an archive of old CAC messages?
A: There is an archive of selected CAC messages and posted articles at the CAC
web page or

*Q: I’m only interested in some of the topics. What can I do?
A: As the list has grown, almost quadrupled in size within the past
year, there has been an increasing diversity of discussions and interests.

Q: What does CAC stand for?
A: CAC is Chinese American Christians. Although the scope of discussions
often discuss Asian American issues and sometimes generic topics, the name
stuck because of its origin.

Q: How does a “mailing list” work?
A: CAC is run by an automated computer program, called a “listserver”, which
send copies of email messages to all CAC subscribers.

Q: Why was CAC started and automated?
A: The list was started in 1995 by Drs. Timothy Tseng and Sze-Kar Wan. CAC
used to be a manually propagated carbon copy email, but was automated in
summer of 1996. We hope to bring Chinese American Christians together using
the latest technology so that we can share our ideas and resources on
furthering the cause of the Gospel of Jesus Christ in North America and around
the world. We hope that this CAC forum will serve as a “think tank” and/or a
networking vehicle for all of us.

Q: Is there a moderator for CAC?
A: DJ Chuang is the list manager.


* * ICQ UIN 508675

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Wed, 4 Jun 1997 11:40:49 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: about CAC

sorry i haven’t been here in a while.
busy with graduation and completing my honors thesis
on korean american second generation churches.
just wanted to inform you that i will no longer
be at this current address and will advise you of
my new one as soon as i register at teachers college
at columbia university in the fall.
take care and God bless…

Sandi Kim
Department of History
State University of New York
at Binghamton

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: 05 Jun 97 13:10:22 EDT
From: “J.C.”
Subject: CAC List Mail: Press Release — Tiananmen Square Massacre Anniversary

Dear Friends:

FYI, J. Chang

This press release was sent out yesterday. If you have any
questions or comments about this press release or about the
Family Research Council, please visit our web site at:


CONTACT: Kristi S. Hamrick (202)-393-2100
FOR RADIO: Kristin Hansen
FOR SOUNDBITES: After 2 p.m., FRC Direct Newsline (202)-393-NEWS

Statement of Gary Bauer
June 4, 1997
Commemorating the Eighth Anniversary of
The Tiananmen Square Massacre

“One word of truth can move the world.” That’s an old Russian
proverb, but it seems especially appropriate today as we
remember the defining moment in modern Chinese history. We
have come together to observe the eighth anniversary of an
event which today’s rulers of China say never happened. Last
December, President Clinton invited General Chi Haotian, China’s
defense minister, to the White House. The general blandly
told Americans that no one was killed in Tiananmen Square in
1989. He was given full military honors at the Pentagon,
including a nineteen-gun salute.

But in 1989, General Chi employed many more than nineteen guns
in his brutal suppression of the student democracy movement in
Tiananmen Square, at the heart of Beijing. As the whole world
watched, People’s Liberation Army soldiers gunned down the
unarmed people the general called “hooligans.”

China’s rulers are hostile to a free press. That’s because
the press can help us to learn the truth, even when a despotic
government brazenly denies the existence of truth.

The London Times’ Jonathan Mirsky’s filed reports that included
the following eyewitness accounts:

Nicholas Kristoff of The New York Times, who was in the Square
that night, reported “the troops began shooting…some people
fell to the ground, wounded or dead…each time the soldiers
fired again and more people fell to the ground.” When he went
to the Xiehe hospital, the nearest to the Square, “it was a
bloody mess, with hundreds of injured lying on the floors…I
saw the bullet holes in the ambulances.”

Mirsky also related the scene as described by Jan Wong of the
Toronto Globe and Mail. Wong “watched in horror as the army
shot directly into the crowds” and “people fell with gaping
wounds.” She noted how the soldiers “strafed ambulances and
shot medical workers trying to rescue the wounded.” Wong
personally counted more than 20 bodies. As Mirsky crawled
away from the scene, Wong kept watching. “In all, I recorded
eight long murderous volleys. Dozens died before my eyes.”

Human rights groups confirm the truth that thousands of
pro-democracy students were killed that day in Beijing.

Free churches also speak truth. That is why Beijing’s rulers
have engaged in a pitiless campaign to suppress the 40-50
million Catholics and Evangelicals in China. Buddhists,
especially in Tibet, and Muslims, especially in the northwest,
are experiencing unprecedented brutality. According to
religious liberty advocates, the period which began in 1994
has seen the worst oppression of Christians in China since the
death of Mao Zedong. I know that many sincere Christians in
the West are fearful. They worry that any effort on our part
to support our brethren in China will only make matters worse
for them. But that view rests on the idea that Beijing’s
rulers do not already know that Christian truth represents a
standing rebuke to despotism. Beijing’s rulers are not asleep.
And they are not unaware. They know what role the Church
played in the downfall of communism in Eastern Europe. In
1992, one of their government-run newspapers said: “If China
does not want such a scene to be repeated in its land, it must
strangle the baby while it is still in the manger.”

The latter-day Herods of Beijing are attempting to do just
that. So we are here today to bear witness for the persecuted
Church in China.

Finally, let me share with you an indelible memory of that day
from The New York Times report:

The man stood only half as tall as the lead tank. But his
body language made it clear: He wanted the slow-moving [tank]
column halted, and halt it did, the huge treads on the lead
tank grinding to a stop just a few feet from his face.

It was a close call — the tank came [within] perhaps a second
or two of killing him — and it seemed to encapsulate many of
the confrontations in recent days between the citizens and the
army: the touch-and-go maneuvering, with soldiers not sure
when to press on and when to retreat; the determination of the
demonstrators, brave and unyielding in ways that might have
been unthinkable a few weeks ago. In its quiet way, this
little confrontation seemed to symbolize the fragility of the
[Chinese] Government’s position.

We all saw that duel. We saw the tank angle right, attempting
to swerve around the young man. We saw him scamper to his
left to block the tank once more. It was a riveting
demonstration of courage and commitment. We do not know for
sure what happened to that young man. We have been informed
by Chinese democracy advocates who were in Beijing on June 4,
1989, that the brave man was a young worker, and that he was
soon apprehended in a nearby hotel. We have been told that
police probably strangled that brave young man to death. We
are not sure.

But if he died, we are sure that he died for the cause of
freedom. And we know that he believed in truth. If he had
so much courage to stand up to the tanks in Beijing, can we
fail to stand up for freedom and truth in Washington? I pray
that we will stand up. I pray that courage and truth and
freedom will continue to be the hallmarks of America. May God
bless us all.

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Fri, 6 Jun 1997 01:24:17 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: Fwd: Confirmed case of someone needing your help

Sam Ling wanted to have this message posted on the CAC list. Sorry for the
delay, Sam – been up to my armpits in work and preparation for the move šŸ™‚
– Tim Tseng
Forwarded message:
From: (Samuel Ling)
Date: 97-06-03 07:06:58 EDT

Brent and Tim,
Please post. Thanks!
Sam Ling

>Date: Mon, 2 Jun 1997 22:36:06 -0400 (EDT)
>Subject: Fwd: Confirmed case of someone needing your help
>Forwarded message:
>Subj: Confirmed case of someone needing your help
>Date: 97-06-02 11:14:07 EDT
>From: Doxatheou
>I have personally e-mail to the people below to confirm this case with them.

>God Bless,
>Peter Teng
> !!!Please pass this message to the people who you know. If your
> organization has a Chinese/Asian mailing list, please forward the
> message to the mailing list!!!
> Our son, Jay Li, a 26 months old boy was diagnozed with Acute
> Lymphocytic Leukemia (ALL) with central nerve system (CNS)
> involvement in June of 1996. Since then, he went through a standard
> chemotherapy treatment at the Stanford Children’s Hospital.
> Unfortunately, the chemotherapy did not help him. He had a relapse
> (leukemia recurs) last week, only one month after his consolidation
> treatment. His blood counts are going down rapidly. He is in danger
> of his life.
> Now, the doctors at the hospital are planing to give his a
> different chemotherapy, trying to achieve a second remission. However,
> it is clear now that he needs a bone marrow transplantation to save
> life. Otherwise, the second remission will be a very short one if
> it is achievable at all and the chance of longterm survival is zero.
> We contacted the national bone marrow register. The result is what
> you can imagine: The pool for the donors with Asiatic background is
> quite small. The chance to find a bone marrow match is also small if
> not absolutely impossible.
> We are not giving up. We know, there are hundred thousands Chinese
> people studying and working in the United State. We know you are
> care about us, about our son and we also know you will help to save
> Jay’s life. We know many of you are parents yourself and you know how
> feel in our situation.
> If you can help, please call Asian American Donor Program at
> 1-800-59-DONOR. They will instruct you how to become a donor at no
> cost to you. You can also call your doctor/hospital, let them help
> you become a donor. We need you. Many other children who are waiting
> for a bone marrow donor will thank you for give them a new life.
> We also looking for alternative medicine, i.e. traditional Chinese
> medicine. We know some of Chinese medicines are more powerful in
> curing leukemia. If you have information about Chinese doctors who
> are specialist for treating cancer, wherever in China or in the US,
> please pass information to us. We thank you a lot.
> Please help!!!
> Our phone/fax: 415-858-2942 (h)
> phone: 415-813-3544 (w)
> e-mail:
> Sincerely
> Gangqiang Li
> Jin Zhu
> PS: We are both mainland Chinese who obtained their PH.D. degrees
> in Germany and now are working as scientist in the Silicon Valley.

Samuel Ling
China Horizon/Horizon Ministries Canada
“We preach Christ … the wisdom of God and the power of God.”

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: 08 Jun 97 15:43:39 EDT
From: “J.C.”
Subject: CAC List Mail: Press Release – Pro-Life Amendment Passed

Dear Friends:

FYI, J.Chang


If you have any questions or comments about this press release
or about the Family Research Council, please visit our web
site at:


CONTACT: Kristi S. Hamrick, (202) 393-2100
FOR RADIO: Kristin Hansen



WASHINGTON, D.C. — “This pro-life victory in the House of
Representatives brings U.S. foreign policy closer to the wishes
of American taxpayers,” Family Research Council Director of
Communications Kristi Hamrick said Friday. On Thursday, the
House voted 232-189 to pass Rep. Chris Smith’s (R-NJ) pro-life
amendment to the Foreign Relations Authorization Act.
“Americans do not want to financially support groups that
perform and promote abortions worldwide or international
organizations that support programs which oppressively violate
individuals’ basic human rights.”

The amendment ends all U.S. funding to the United Nations
Populations Fund (UNFPA) until the group terminates its
involvement with China’s coercive population control program,
or until China ends its brutal one-child policy.

“While some may argue that no taxpayer dollars go to China’s
state-run ‘family planning’ operation, they ignore the fact
that the U.S.-funded UNFPA still works hand-in-hand with the
repressive Chinese government and its policy of forced abortion
and involuntary forced sterilization,” Hamrick said.

On May 28, the UNFPA unveiled its latest report: “The Right to
Choose: Reproductive Rights and Reproductive Health.” Among
these U.N.-recognized “rights” are those of all people
(including adolescents and the unmarried) to all forms of
contraception, sex education, and “safe” abortion.

Hamrick continued, “The UNFPA has joined International Planned
Parenthood Federation and the Clinton administration in trying
to promote abortion worldwide under the guise of international
‘family planning’ and ‘safe abortion.'”

The amendment also reinstates the “Mexico City Policy,” which
keeps taxpayers’ dollars out of the hands of organizations,
like International Planned Parenthood Federation, who perform
and promote abortion.

“This amendment will save the lives of babies and protect the
health of women worldwide. The Senate should follow the
House’s lead by listening to the American taxpayers on this
life-or-death foreign policy issue.”

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 9 Jun 1997 03:32:49 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: Fwd: Other U.S. immigration news

FYI, Tim
Forwarded message:
From: (Mark Krikorian)
Date: 97-06-06 12:55:02 EDT

[For CISNEWS subscribers: Four items — Missing finger(print)s in Miami; a
California legislative vote on welfare for immigrants; a lawsuit claiming
discrimination in the issuance of non-immigrant visas; and a setback for
California’s attempts to get reimbursed for the costs of incarcerating
illegal aliens. — Mark Krikorian]

Miami Herald, Thursday, June 5, 1997

Citizenship blocked over fingerprints

Herald Staff Writer
Raul Blanco, a Cuban immigrant, applied for U.S. citizenship to the
Immigration and Naturalization Service five times — and every time he got

We need 10 fingerprints, the government informed him. And the clerks only
counted seven.

Blanco has only got seven.

The clerks seem to have neglected to read Blanco’s explanation:

Years ago he lost the ring finger and the tips of the index and middle
fingers of his right hand after an accident at a Cuban sugar mill.

James Minton, deputy chief of the INS’ Miami office, acknowledged
Wednesday the agency goofed. “Our office is going to call him today.”

Blanco, 53, a Westchester resident who has lived here for 17 years, said
he will make a fine citizen. “I’ve always paid my taxes.”


Assembly Backs Welfare for Legal Immigrants
Government: As lawmakers work to beat deadline, Senate rejects a bill to bar
insurance industry from making campaign contributions to the state insurance

Los Angeles Times, Friday, June 6, 1997

By CARL INGRAM, MAX VANZI, Times Staff Writers
SACRAMENTO — As a week of marathon sessions neared a close, the Assembly on
Thursday approved measures ranging from one to grant welfare to legal
immigrants to one that would legalize ferrets as pets. The state Senate
rejected a measure that would have barred the insurance industry from making
campaign donations to the California insurance commissioner.

[non-immigration matters]

The rush of action on scores of bills came as both houses tried to meet
today’s deadline to pass bills to the opposite house for further review.

In the Assembly, lawmakers approved a measure by Assemblyman Antonio
Villaraigosa (D-Los Angeles) on a 45-20 vote to establish programs for legal
immigrants who stand to lose their welfare benefits this year because of the
1996 federal welfare overhaul.

The services include long-term care, cash grants, food stamps and
citizenship assistance for legal immigrants. The issue is likely to be a
major point of discussion as the Legislature and Gov. Pete Wilson begin
negotiations over the new budget later this month.

“They came here in search of the American dream, the dream of freedom and a
better life. It’s wrong to abandon them to save a few dollars,” Villaraigosa

[more non-immigration matters]


Miami Herald, Thursday, June 5, 1997

Codes conceal U.S. visa-system bias, suit claims

Herald Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON — In at least one State Department post abroad, officials
marked applications for temporary U.S. visas with such codes as LP for
“Looks Poor,” LR for “Looks Rough” and TP for “Talks Poor.”

A former Foreign Service officer who said he was fired after refusing to
go along with the system is suing, arguing that the codes mask racial and
ethnic discrimination. As part of the case, a federal judge has ordered the
State Department to investigate whether officials in other consulates
discriminate in choosing who may visit the United States for limited periods.

The judge acted in response to Robert E. Olsen’s claim that he was
dismissed for failing to follow the official screening practice in a Brazil
visa office.

The State Department concedes that the codes were in effect, but says
they were “sensible tools” to weed out visa applicants who are likely to
stay on in the United States illegally. The department is resisting the
judge’s order.

The State Department, for its part, branded the accusation a “baseless”
attempt by Olsen to dismiss “the overwhelming evidence of [his]

The suit seemed a routine personnel dispute until U.S. District Judge
Stanley Sporkin last month declared that he took Olsen’s charges of
discrimination seriously.

Sporkin said he found it “clear from the record” that Olsen, who now
practices law in the Washington area, was fired because he failed to comply
with the visa policy, not because he was incompetent. Sporkin said the
codes, while appearing to pinpoint people who are indigent, raised a deeper

“It is a disturbing reality that in many countries, such as Brazil and
even the United States, certain ethnicities are disproportionately
represented among the poor,” Sporkin wrote.

“The issue is what, if any, consideration can a Cabinet agency of the
federal government give to skin color, race or national origin when
determining the socioeconomic status of a visa applicant.”

To help find the answer, the judge ordered Secretary of State Madeleine
Albright to find out which U.S. embassies and consulates use profiling
codes, why and how they are used, and what is done to guard against
decisions based on race.

The State Department refused to gather the information.

Instead, Assistant U.S. Attorney Sherri Evans Harris, representing
Albright, said in legal papers filed last week that Sporkin’s order was
improper, that there was no need for further evidence and that he should
dismiss the suit.

The designations RK (“Rich Kid”), TC (“Take Care”), LP, TP and LR
“may at first blush appear insensitive,” Harris said, but “there was
nothing sinister about these instructions, much less discriminatory or
inconsistent with [federal immigration law].”

`Sensible tools’

They were merely “sensible tools” used to flag applicants most likely
to use a temporary visa to abandon their home country and illegally stay on
in the United States, Harris said. Young, single people with low-paying jobs
and no previous travel outside Latin America fall into that category, she

Olsen’s suit cites his supervisors’ written warning that Brazilians with
Arab or Chinese last names were two groups “to worry about” and should
“set off bells and whistles.”

People in those groups who applied for temporary visas were regarded as
possible fraud suspects “unless they have had previous visas and are
older,” the guidelines said.

But Harris said it is appropriate for guidelines to note “the types of
applications that might present a high risk of fraud, such as applicants
claiming passports were stolen, or cities and agencies known for fraud.”

Consulates’ guidelines

According to the State Department, virtually every U.S. consulate has
developed its own guidelines to help determine who should be admitted — or
denied admittance — to the United States for a temporary business or
pleasure visit. Such guidelines are based on local conditions and experience.

Olsen is a graduate of Harvard University who has a master’s degree in
American civilization from the University of Pennsylvania and a law degree
from the University of Denver. After more than 15 years of law practice in
Denver, he switched careers and entered the Foreign Service in 1992.

But he was discharged with “unsatisfactory performance” in 1994 and now
seeks reinstatement, back pay and $750,000 in damages from the State
Department for allegedly violating his federal and constitutional rights.


Wilson’s appeal on felons rejected
More money sought for undocumented inmates

San Diego Union-Tribune, June 4, 1997

WASHINGTON — A federal appeals court yesterday handed Gov. Pete Wilson
another defeat in his attempt to force the Clinton administration to shift
more money to California to cover the $400 million annual cost of
incarcerating undocumented felons.

The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit upheld a
lower court ruling dismissing Wilson’s lawsuit, which California Attorney
General Dan Lungren’s office was handling.

“I am disappointed by today’s decision,” the governor said in a statement.
“We understand that the (U.S.) attorney general’s ability to reimburse
California was limited by appropriations, but she has given no satisfactory
reason for refusing to take the undocumented criminal aliens into custody.”

There was no comment from U.S. Attorney General Janet Reno.

Wilson has long criticized the administration for not adequately reimbursing
states for the expense of imprisoning undocumented immigrants who are
convicted of felonies. According to Wilson aides, California will have an
estimated 20,000 undocumented felons by mid-summer.

Congress passed a law in 1994 allowing states to request reimbursement and
requiring the federal government to either provide the funds or take custody
of the undocumented felons — subject to the amount of money lawmakers
appropriate for those purposes.

In 1995, California received the first grant under the law, about $64
million — half of the total Congress allocated but much less than the state
said it spent incarcerating the undocumented felons.

Last year, California received $252 million, again about half of the
nation’s total but still less than the $400 million estimated state
expenses. This year’s grants have not yet been distributed.

Wilson filed suit in March 1996, asserting that Reno should have either
taken custody of all undocumented felons in California or compensated it for
all of its prison costs regardless of the amount of money Congress allocated.

A federal district court judge in Washington granted the administration’s
request and dismissed the suit, saying the “plain and unambiguous” language
of the 1994 law allows the federal government to distribute money to states
based on the total allocation Congress provides.

The governor pressed an appeal, which was heard in late January. But the
three-judge appellate panel was unmoved.

Writing for the appeals court, Judge Douglas Ginsburg agreed with the
district judge that the 1994 statute clearly limits Reno’s actions to the
amount of money Congress appropriates, whether she chooses to reimburse
states or to take custody of felons.

And the court rejected Wilson’s contention that Reno violated the law’s
requirement for a “contractual arrangement” with states. When a state
submits a qualified reimbursement request, a binding contract is created
because Reno has a legal obligation to fulfill the request to the best of
her ability, Ginsburg wrote.

“Therefore, California has no cause to complain about the procedure that
(Reno) has adopted to implement” the law, he added.

Another Wilson lawsuit against the federal government — urging
reimbursement for prison, education and medical costs associated with
undocumented immigrants — has met with similar results.

Mark Krikorian, executive director
Center for Immigration Studies
1522 K St. N.W., Suite 820, Washington, DC 20005-1202
(202) 466-8185 (phone); (202) 466-8076 (fax)

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: Fwd: Other U.S. immigration news
Date: Tue, 10 Jun 1997 01:07:21 EDT

So long Sanhedrin *


Jesus knew some lawyers who appeared to him as snakes
Bushmasters wearin’ gold phylacteries
a brood’a vipers movin’ toward his heel who couldn’t wait
to put an end to his authority


meet the new guy on the block
who brought hope for us today
revolution’s in the air
angels rolled his stone away

He has overcome the lawyers
legalistic Pharisees
introduce yourself to Jesus
and his new authority!


the Apostle was a lawyer when he seen what Stephen saw
was there the day the stones began to fly
he heard the martyr anger all the experts in the law
caught a glimpse of Jesus smilin’ in the sky


thank th’ new guy on the block
there’s some hope for us today
revolution’s in the air
Jesus loves to hear us pray

if he’s good enough for lawyers
he is good enough for me
Saul was overcome by Jesus
giv’n all authority!


Luther was a lawyer when a bolt’a lightnin’ hit
he never had a doubt it missed his spleen
it dropped’im to his shakin’ knees beside a tree it split
wh’r he died and rose again like Augustine


thank the new guy on the block
there’s some hope for us today
revolution’s in the air
Jesus loves to hear us pray

if he’s good enough for lawyers
He is good enough for me
Martin bowed unto Jehovah
given all authority!


Abe Lincoln was a lawyer when he turned to politics
he wore a tall black hat and a wide grin
the grin was for the black man, the black hat was for the hicks
and his love for Jesus was like medicine


thank the new guy on the block
there’s some hope for us today
revolution’s in the air
Jesus loves to hear us pray

if he’s good enough fo’ lawyers
he is good enough fo’ me
Abe knew Jesus was the Masta’
given all authority!


‘O Lord lay waste the lawyers’ I was hearin’ Stephen say
but Luther bowed unto the Lord’s decrees
then Lincoln freed the slaves because he was a slave set free
all these lawyers had a new authority


thank the new guy on the block
there’s some hope for us today
revolution’s in the air
Jesus loves to hear you pray

if he’s good enough for lawyers
is he good enough fer thee?
O, the Lord of heav’n an’ earth’s
been given all authority!

O, the Lord of heav’n an’ earth’s
been given all authority!

)1997 go *(See Matthew 28:18 NAS)


— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Tue, 10 Jun 1997 02:55:34 -0400 (EDT)

FYI, Tim

Date: Fri, 6 Jun 1997 10:42:53 -0400
From: Josef Barton
Subject: JOURNEWS: Journal of Asian American Studies, 1/98

John M. Liu and Gary Y. Okihiro, Editors

The official publication of the Association for Asian American
Studies, the _Journal of Asian American Studies_ (JAAS) will explore
all aspects of the Asian American experience. The _Journal_ will
publish original works of scholarly interest to the field, including
new theoretical developments; research results; methodological
innovations; issues of pedagogical concern; and book, media, and
exhibition reviews. In providing a much-needed outlet for consistent,
high-quality scholarship, _JAAS_ will feature contributions that
articulate Asian American Studies both within the various disciplines
that constitute the field and/or contribute to it as an
interdisciplinary, distinctive, scholarly pursuit.

The Journal will be published three times a year by the Johns
Hopkins University press. It will be available by subscription or
free with membership to the association. For more information or to
be put on a mailing list to receive further information as the
publication date approaches, please email or write to me with your
name, address, phone, email, etc. to:
Barbara Caplan, The Johns Hopkins University Press, 2715 North
Charles St., Baltimore,MD21218.

Barbara Caplan

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
From: “DJ Chuang”
Date: Tue, 10 Jun 1997 11:54:33 -0500
Subject: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men

Prepare to be a part of a historical event…

Saturday OCTOBER 4, 1997


Stand In The Gap

Dear Brother in Christ,

During the past 18 months, we have been calling tens of thousands of men to
come to an event of historical magnitude in Washington, D.C. on October 4.
It’s called Stand In The Gap: A Sacred Assembly of Men.

In the six hours we will have together on our nation’s “Independence Mall,”
we will confess our sins and repent before Almighty, Holy God. We will seek
His face and pray that He might pour out His Holy Spirit to heal our land (2
Chronicles 7:14).

Our dream is to have men of every race and color, every social and economic
background, and every geographical corner of our country gather together in
the spirit of reconciliation and unity.

So far, the response to this event has been overwhelming. And every day,
through Promise Keepers’ conferences, church group gatherings, one-on-one
encounters and even on the Internet, more and more men have answered the call
and made a commitment to attend.

I want to ask you to make the same important commitment. And I also urge you
to invite a man of another race or denominational background to join you.

The Sacred Assembly will mark a critical turning point in the life of the
nation and the church. It will also be a time of new beginnings for countless
families, communities and individual men just like you.

I pray you will heed God’s summons to “stand in the gap.” What an
extraordinary responsibility! What an extraordinary privilege.

Your servant,

Bill McCartney
Founder and CEO
Promise Keepers

P.S. Though attendance is FREE, please register today!

* * ICQ UIN 508675

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Wed, 11 Jun 1997 16:23:35 +0800 (EAT)
From: mooch
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men

Hi folks,

Sorry if the remark I’m about to make/question I’m about to ask sounds
cynical; perhaps there’s a “spirit of bitterness and cynicism” upon me…

What separates the PK assembly from something like an
abortion/anti-abortion rally, or the Million Man March, or other mass
demonstration? The invitation sounds persuasive, but…

While McCartney concludes his letter with answering the “summons of God”
to participate, I’m not quite ready to accept wholesale the proposition
that this is “a movement of God” (it may be; I just have reservations
because so many others have claimed that description for themselves,
Christian or not). I have no doubt that there will be a segment of the
participants for whom the assembly will mark a turning point in their
lives. I can also be fairly sure that there will be at least some
participants for whom the rally will be yet another interesting experience
but will not be the turning point/new beginning that McCartney touts.

Basically, I want to express that everybody will use certain persuasive
devices to get people to come to their event: “be a part of history,”
“participate in the blessing of God,” “be a part of a grassroots
movement,” “join in the greatest ever”.

But what REALLY marks a special event, an event of God?

Awaiting reply.

Muchun (Mooch) Yin |E-mail:
Box 373, Tunghai University |Homepage:
Taichung, Taiwan |

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Wed, 11 Jun 1997 12:42:58 -0400 (EDT)

Hi Darryl, Peter, and others who interested:

For membership information regarding the Association of Asian American
Studies, contact Anita Affeldt below: – Tim Tseng

Ms. Anita Affeldt
Cornell University
Asian American Studies Program
420 Rockefeller Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-2602
OFF: (607) 254-4774
FAX: (607) 254-4996

On another note, though this info is late, you may be interested in the
following Asian American studies conference in New York University:

Date: Monday, April 21, 1997 7:51:31 PM
From: (Tomio C. Geron)
Subj: AAASCommunity: AAASPosts: East of California Conference

Association for Asian American Studies
“Rethinking Paradigms, Rethinking Strategies for Asian American Studies”
14-16 November 1997
New York University, New York City

1) Paradigms
To rethink old, new and emerging paradigms. The conference solicits a
1. Community Research and Collaboration with Community-based Groups
2. Urban Studies, Urban Planning & Policy and Community Planning
3. Social Production of Urban Space and Asian American Studies
4. Work and Economic Restructuring
5. Health Care, Medicine, and Asian American Communities
6. Diaspora Studies and Asian American Studies
7. Pedagogy and Asian American Studies
8. Sexuality and Asian American Studies
9. Migration and “Minority” Religions
10. Arts, Culture and Activism

Presentations will be limited to fifteen minutes, to provide for a
“roundtable” format with presenters engaging in discussion with each other
and the audience. Presenters are also encouraged to submit an optional
longer “paper” version for inclusion in conference proceedings. Proposals
from or about community-based organizations which engage a dialogue among
institutions are encouraged. Proposals which engage other
“interdisciplinary” fields are also encouraged. Please send proposals (2
pages max, double-spaced) to address below by 1 July 1997.

2) Strategies
To address the heavy student demand and subsequent growth of Asian American
Studies east of California which has made revisiting and rethinking
strategies for institutionalization more important than ever. For
undergraduate students, especially those without Asian American Studies
faculty at their institution, workshops will be held to examine
institutional politics and discuss options for institutionalization. In
addition, a “starters packet” of materials for student organizers compiled
by the Network will be available. A session on graduate students and
junior faculty concerns will also be held.

Discounted hotel rooms may be reserved until 14 October 1997 at
Washington Sqaure Hotel
103 Waverly Place, New York, NY 10011
Single: $109.80/night, Double: $129.60/night
*Please mention East of California Conference and reference #: 1114

Free Student Housing is available by contacting the below

Registration information will be released soon…

For more information, contact:
EoC Conference, attn: Tomio Geron, Asian/Pacific/American Studies Program,
269 Mercer St., 6th Fl., New York, NY 10003-6687
tel: 212-998-3700 fax: 212-995-4705 or for updates

Tomio Geron
Asian/Pacific/American Studies
New York University
269 Mercer St., 6th Fl.
NY, NY 10003-6687
fax 995-4705

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men
Date: Thu, 12 Jun 1997 02:37:56 EDT

Mooch, your language, e.g. ‘yet another experience’, ‘persuasive devices
to get people to come’ contains an accurate root concern. I agree with
it/your perception of it. It’s obvious that America employs religion and
it employs Jesus as a religious figure. As I read of Him, Jesus is no
one’s ’employee’ in this sense, i.e. a kind of socialized means to a
privatized end…

Maybe others who’ve been to PK or know more about it will shed some real
light. Thx for posting the questions/concern šŸ™‚


On Wed, 11 Jun 1997 16:23:35 +0800 (EAT) mooch
>Hi folks,
>Sorry if the remark I’m about to make/question I’m about to ask sounds
>cynical; perhaps there’s a “spirit of bitterness and cynicism” upon
>What separates the PK assembly from something like an
>abortion/anti-abortion rally, or the Million Man March, or other mass
>demonstration? The invitation sounds persuasive, but…
>While McCartney concludes his letter with answering the “summons of
>to participate, I’m not quite ready to accept wholesale the
>that this is “a movement of God” (it may be; I just have reservations
>because so many others have claimed that description for themselves,
>Christian or not). I have no doubt that there will be a segment of the
>participants for whom the assembly will mark a turning point in their
>lives. I can also be fairly sure that there will be at least some
>participants for whom the rally will be yet another interesting
>but will not be the turning point/new beginning that McCartney touts.
>Basically, I want to express that everybody will use certain
>devices to get people to come to their event: “be a part of history,”
>”participate in the blessing of God,” “be a part of a grassroots
>movement,” “join in the greatest ever”.
>But what REALLY marks a special event, an event of God?

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Thu, 12 Jun 1997 12:30:37 +0800 (EAT)
From: mooch

Hi all,
I’m just curious as to whether the new journal will be willing to publish
academic papers related to Asian American religious studies, or whether
it will ignore the field. Anyone know?

Muchun (Mooch) Yin |E-mail:
Box 373, Tunghai University |Homepage:
Taichung, Taiwan |

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Thu, 12 Jun 1997 11:29:04 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: Denny’s Response to Syracuse incident

Here is Denny’s official response to the Syracuse incident. – Tim Tseng

* This is email from the News & Announcements list (AAASPosts) of
* the Email Network of the Association for Asian American Studies.
* For more information about the list and the AAAS Email Network,
* email a request to .
* For information about AAAS membership, email a request to
* our national office at .
———- Forwarded message ———-
Subject: Denny’s Response to April 11 Incident in Syracuse, N.Y.
Date: Thu, 05 Jun 1997 17:01:03 -0700

I am responding to concerns raised on the Internet related to an April
11 incident involving an altercation between off duty law enforcement
officers acting as security guards and student groups, which occurred at
a restaurant in Syracuse, N.Y owned and operated by a Denny’s

As chief diversity officer for Denny’s parent company, Flagstar
Companies, Inc., I want to emphasize that Denny’s has zero tolerance for
any type of discrimination. We take any charge of discrimination based
on race, color, or national origin very seriously, and all incidents are
fully investigated by the Civil Rights Monitor, an independent office
reporting to the U.S. Justice Department over which Denny’s exercises no
control. In the Syracuse matter, the franchise owner asked the
interested student groups to allow the Monitor’s Office to complete its
investigation before reaching any conclusion. Unfortunately, the
students did not want to wait and have publicized this as an incident of
discrimination even though there has been no such finding.

If a Denny’s employee or franchisee is found to have been involved in an
act of discrimination, that employee will be fired and/or the franchise
will be terminated. You may be interested to know that the owner of the
Denny’s in Syracuse is an African-American with a long-standing
involvement in local civil rights activities.

To prevent discrimination, all 50,000 Denny’s employees complete
intensive, custom-tailored diversity training. And every employee signs
a document acknowledging their understanding of the law and Denny’s
non-discrimination policies.

A good measure of how well a company is performing in the diversity
arena is determined by the inclusiveness of its business operations.
Allow me to share some statistics with you. In 1992, Flagstar and its
affiliates held no contracts with minorities. We managed to grow
minority contracts to $10 million in 1993; $25 million in 1994; $58
million in 1995 and $80 million in 1996. Our goal this year is $125
million, which we have already achieved. Many of these contracts are
held by Asian-American companies. In the franchising arena, nearly 25%
of all Denny’s franchise restaurants are now minority-owned, many by

Denny’s has undertaken extreme measures to ensure that racism and
discrimination do not exist at our restaurants. We urge everyone to let
the monitor’s investigation determine exactly what happened, including
the actions of the security guards. After the investigation, Denny’s
will act swiftly and decisively to correct any wrong-doings.

Ray Hood-Phillips
Chief Diversity Officer, Flagstar

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Thu, 12 Jun 1997 11:36:05 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: Baptist Peace Fellowship News Release

Some info from the Baptist Peace Fellowship, of which I am a member of the
board. – Tim Tseng

June 9, 1997
For more information contact:
Ken Sehested, Executive Director, or David Teague, Associate Editor
Phone: 704/456-1881
Fax: 704/456-1883


BPFNA asked to sponsor conflict mediation

TUSKEGEE, AL-The Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America has been asked to
host a proposed conflict mediation between warring political parties in Asia.

At its May 29-31 meeting, held on the campus of Tuskegee University, an
historically-black school in Tuskegee, Alabama, the BPFNA Board of Directors
authorized the staff to pursue plans for sponsoring the negotiation, which
could occur as early as late summer of this year.

At the invitation of indegenous leaders, BPFNA staff have been involved in
this situation since 1993, the first of two trips to the region. Additional
planning for the proposed negotiation took place during the November 1996 conf
erence on conflict mediation for Asian Baptist leaders, co-sponsored by the
BPFNA and the Asian Baptist Federation, held in Chiang Mai, Thailand.

Due to the sensitive nature of the talks, further details cannot be disclosed
at this time. In other news, the board:

*agreed to become a member of International Service for Peace (Servicio
Internacional para la Paz or SIPAZ), a coalition of North American, Latin
American and European organizations formed to contribute to the search for
peaceful solutions to the conflict in Chiapas, Mexico.

*discussed plans to sponsor up to four pages of peace and justice coverage in
Correro Bautista, a Spanish-language newsletter distributed in Cuba; and
initiated planning for a book which will collect material from Baptist
Peacemaker since its debut in 1980. The book would be available in 2000 to
welcome in the new millennium.

*heard updates on the BPFNA’s conflict mediation projects in Mexico and

*announced plans for a second meeting of “The Next Generation,” BPFNA youth
advisory committee, during the organization’s July 21-26 summer conference,
where young people from Canada, the U.S., Puerto Rico and Mexico will chart
the future for this youth movement.

*received an update on plans for the July 27-August 1, 1998, BPFNA summer
conference in Puerto Rico.

*celebrated the election of board member Edward Wheeler, currently dean of
the chapel at Tuskegee, to the presidency of Christian Theological Seminary
in Indianapolis, Indiana.

BPFNA Board names new officers

TUSKEGEE, AL-The Board of Directors of the Baptist Peace Fellowship of North
America approved a new slate of officers for 1998 at its May 29-31 meeting at
Tuskegee University.

Steve Hammond, a member of the BPFNA board since 1990, has been named
president. He is co-pastor of the First Baptist Church of Oberlin, Ohio and
serves as executive director of Ohio Campus Ministries. In addition, he
recently joined the Families Against Violence Advocacy Network as Eastern
Region organizer.

Lindsay Penn Matheson, who joined the board in 1993, will serve as vice
president for the third year in a row. A community activist, she is a member
of the social concerns committee of the Baptist Convention of Ontario and
Quebec and a member of First Baptist Church, Oshawa, Ontario, Canada.

Isabel Docampo, who also joined the board in 1993, was elected secretary.
Currently serving as resource development director of Baptist Senior Adult
Ministries in Washington, D.C., she will soon be joining the faculty of
Perkins School of Theology in Dallas, Texas to supervise seminary students in
their field placement.

Beverly Donald, a board member since the BPFNA was founded in 1984, will
continue to serve as treasurer. She is president of the American Baptist
Churches of Wisconsin and a member of Underwood Memorial Baptist Church in
Fredonia, Wisconsin.

Angela Ferguson, a member of the board since 1995, will serve as board
pastor. She is coordinator of spiritual services for the AIDS Interfaith
Network in Ft. Worth, Texas.

BPFNA announces dates, speakers for conference

Lake Junaluska, N.C.-“Disarming the Heart: The Gospel of Nonviolence” is the
theme of the 12th annual gathering of the Baptist Peace Fellowship of North
America, July 21-26, in Harrisonburg, Virginia.

Highlighting this year’s conference will be preachers from each of the North
American countries represented in the BPFNA-Canada, Mexico, Puerto Rico and
the United States. The guest preachers will include Revs. Tama Ward Balinsky,
of Vancouver, Canada; Olivia Juarez Gonzalez, of Mexico City, Mexico; Carmen
Pagan-Cabrera of Bayamon, Puerto Rico; and Nancy Hastings Sehested, of Clyde,
North Carolina.

Ken Sehested, BPFNA executive director and editor, will lead the daily bible
study. Featured musicians include Stan Dotson, director of the Center for
Service Learning at Mars Hill College in Mars Hill, North Carolina, and
Darrell Adams of Louisville, Kentucky. Daniel Buttry, coordinator of the
BPFNA’s Gavel Memorial Peace Fund and pastor of First Baptist Church in
Dearborn, Michigan, will be plenary speaker.

The conference, hosted by Eastern Mennonite University, will also include a
special skills training on conflict resolution, in addition to a variety of
seminars, field trips and special musical events. As in years past, the
conference features a specially-designed program for children and youth each

For more information, contact: BPFNA, P.O. Box 280, Lake Junaluska, N.C.
28745; phone, 704/456-1881; fax, 704/456-1882; or e-mail,

Founded in 1984, the BPFNA is a network linking Baptists involved in justice
and peace issues throughout North America. Its board of directors is composed
of members affiliated with 12 Baptist conventions and five racial/ethnic
groups in Canada, the U.S., Puerto Rico and Mexico. The organization has no
official sponsorship of any convention. Its primary purpose is to encourage
greater Baptist involvement-at local, national and international levels-in
justice and peace concerns and to help clarify understanding of such
involvement as essential to Christian discipleship.

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Thu, 12 Jun 1997 11:43:25 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: FWD: Congressional Hearings & Anti-Asian Violence

FYI, Tim

* This is email from the News & Announcements list (AAASPosts) of
* the Email Network of the Association for Asian American Studies.
* For more information about the list and the AAAS Email Network,
* email a request to .
* For information about AAAS membership, email a request to
* our national office at .
——— Begin forwarded message ———-

From: Mark Keam
Date: Fri, Jun 6, 1997 2:26 PM
Subject: Asian Pacific American issues

Concerned Korean Americans:

Some of you may be following stories about the recent
Denny’s beating involving APA students in Syracuse, NY,
and the police shooting of a Chinese American in
Rohnert Park, CA.

All of you should be familiar with the campaign
fundraising controversy (CFC) which has been, and is
continuing to be, one of the most important issues that
APA community-based organizations across the nation are
reacting to.

Here’s a real quick synopsis: CFC began last October
when stories broke that a Democratic National Committee
official, John Huang, MAY have been involved in illegal
fundraising activities on behalf of the President’s
reelction campaign. Since then, the media has turned
this story into an all-out attack on APAs, making
suspects out of every single Asian or Asian American
involved in any political activity whatsoever.

Worse, the elected officials and political parties have
taken advantage of the public’s anti-foreigner
sentiment and turned the CFC into a partisan battle at
the cost of our communities. They and the media have
done nothing to ackowledge that “foreign” money
includes Canadian, European, African and South American
moneys as well as Indonesian or Chinese money. They
have also ignored the fact that illegal campaign
fundraising activities are rampantly practiced by BOTH
parties, and have been occuring for decades. Instead,
they are solely focusing all their attention to the
so-called “Asian Connection” to CFC, and thereby making
all of us look real bad….. The climax of this
controversy will be this summer or fall when the Senate
investigatory hearings begin on this issue.

Anyway, what follows, FYI, is a message from San
Francisco journalist Helen Zia, who is very active with
the Asian American Journalists Association. She is
also a community activist well known for her
involvement in the Vincent Chin murder, and many other
APA issues.

Thanks for your attention.

Mark L. Keam
Washington DC Representative
Korean American Coalition
(703) 522-4769

(please post)

There have been several postings about the Denny’s
incident in Syracuse, NY involving the hospitalization
of 3 students and the police killing of Kuanchung Kao
in the middle class suburb of Rohnert Park in Northern

About these incidents, I have a question and an
observation for the APA cybercommunity:

1. My question is whether anyone has seen media
coverage of the Denny’s incident, local or national.
Here in California, there has been none. I had a
recent discussion with some other Asian American
journalists and we wondered why we had not seen a
single AP wire report. Other racially suspect
incidents at Denny’s that didn’t involve sending
patrons to the hospital have received a great deal of
media attention, so why not this one? But before any
inquiries/actions can be made from the inside of the
newsroom, we need to know if there has been an effort
to get this news out, and if so, what has been the
result. So if anybody knows of news coverage, could you
please post what you’ve seen and approximately when it
ran? Thanks.

2. My concern is that climate during the last nine
months of Asian-bashing has contributed to these
violent incidents and possibly others; who knows how
many less injurious or deadly situations have gone
unreported. In San Francisco, an Asian American
business district was vandalized with swastikas and
other hate messages.

We have certainly seen this cycle many times before,
most recently with Japan-bashing and Korean-American
bashings and the subsequent
increases in hate crimes.

Now we are in a period of broad Asian-bashing–and this
is only the beginning. Last week I attended the CAPACI
(Congressional APA Caucus Institute) conference in
Washington, and Kent Cooper, the executive director of
the Center for Responsive Politics, a watchdog for
issues like campaign finance, was on one of the panels.
Cooper, who is white and as far as I know has no
particular ties to the APA community, made some
sobering predictions. He said that he fully expects
the congressional hearings into campaign financing to
go on for “at least a year, perhaps two” and that the
APA community should “prepare itself” and “go into
alert mode” because he expects these hearings will make
the last nine months look tame. He suggested that APAs
find whatever extra resources we can to deal with the
upcoming hearings. My interpretation: the hearings
could turn into a real witchhunt.

I think APA groups need to consider Cooper’s
predictions carefully, and in any case, remember what
we already know about times of heavy anti-Asian

Other postings have suggested ideas for APA
organizations to build a cohesive response.

Where media coverage is concerned, the community needs
to play an active role in holding the news media
accountable for fair coverage of
APAs. Letters, emails, phone calls, op-ed pieces,
meetings with editorial boards, press conferences and
other media events should all be considered. Anti Asian
incidents should be documented, publicized, and sent to
the various regional and national APA groups like
NAPALC for tracking, and media coverage of such
incidents should be monitored. If you have questions on
how to reach the media, your local Asian American
Journalists Association chapter may be able to help
(though please be aware that APA journalists who may
have to report on such stories will be unable to be
involved. Other APA journalists, however, might be able
to assist.)

I offer these comments and ideas for discussion and I
welcome your feedback.

Thanks, Helen Zia

——— End forwarded message ———-

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Thu, 12 Jun 1997 15:49:29 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: FYI op-eds on immigration (LONG)

Hi all:

Thought you’d be interested in two positions on immigration in the U.S. – Tim


“Goodbye, Nation of Immigrants”
Taken from “The Progressive” May 1997 p. 9

On April 1 a new law designed to stem immigration went into effect. The
Immigration Reform and Immigrant Responsibility Act disproportionately
targets poor and working class immigrants. Starting in May, anyone
sponsoring a relative must prove an ability to support that person at 125% of
the poverty level. This is $22,000 for a family of four.
The new rule will enforce the separation of poor families. The immigration
service has already found that 1/2 the Mexicans and Salvadorans currently
residing in the US would be unable to sponsor close family members under this
new law. This also holds true for one out of every three Koreans and
Dominicans, one out of every four Jamaicans and Chinese, and one out of every
five Filipinos, Veitnamese, and Indians now in the US.
The act grants disturbing new powers to the Immigration and Naturalization
Service, which has a history of abusing the immigrants it is supposed to
supervise. Individual INS officials now have the power to decide if an
immigrant asking for asylum can cross the border or not. Unless INS officers
believe their stories, refugees can now be deported immediately. Under
earlier law, all immigrants who requested asylum automatically gained the
right to a hearing before an immigration judge.
And legal immigrants are not safe. They can be deported if convicted of
any of a long list of crimes, including shoplifting.
But that’s not the worst of it. This act also effectively protects the INS
from court oversight. “The biggest effect of this law on immigrants is the
way it virtually strips the courts of jurisdiction over the INS when it acts
in an illegal and unconstitutional way.” says Gregory Nojeim, legislative
counsel for the ACLU. “We are fighting in court to ensure that the INS, like
other federal agencies, is not put above the law. It’s particularly important
in the area of immigration, where deportation can result in splitting up
families, ending careers, and-in the case of asylum seekers-persecution and
even death.”
The law also infringes on the rights of American citizens. It authorizes
pilot projects in five of the seven largest states to test what it calls
“verification of employment eligibility,” a way of determining whether or
not a new employee is a legal resident of the US.
“The law represents a giant leap toward moving the nation toward a national
ID system: says Nojeim. “For the system to work, the government has to
maintain electronic files on everyone in the country, including citizens.”
“Your papers, please” is the new national motto.


[For CISNEWS subscribers: I don’t usually post columns, but Sowell, one of
the nation’s foremost scholars on ethnic issues, seems to be moving closer
and closer to restrictionism. — Mark Krikorian]

Tim interjects: “foremost scholar on ethnic issues”? that is debatable.

Weasel word on immigration

Forbes, June 2, 1997

By Thomas Sowell

NEW YORK’S mayor, Rudolph Giuliani, helped launch yet another
special-interest organization. This one is called the Immigrant Coalition.
Like so many such organizations today, its purpose is described not as trying
to persuade others of the merits of its position but as “educating the
public.” Apparently only the ignorant can possibly disagree with them.

There are many arguments that can be made for and against immigration in
general and our current immigration laws and policies in particular. However,
many of the pro-immigration spokesmen do not depend on arguments at all but
on lofty talk about “educating” others, evasive talk about “undocumented”
immigrants, nostalgic talk about immigration in a past era radically
different from today and politically correct talk about “diversity”a word
more designed to silence others than to convince them.

For anyone who respects logic and honesty, it is virtually impossible to talk
about immigration in general because there is no such thing as an immigrant
in general. Some immigrants — past and present — have brought priceless
gifts to this country, while others have brought crime, disease and
degeneracy. Not only do individual immigrants differ, so do whole groups from
various parts of the world. Given the enormously different geographic,
cultural and historical backgrounds from which they come, it could hardly be

Yet any thought that the United States should more readily accept immigrants
from nations whose track record is good than from nations whose track record
is bad sets off howls of protest and charges of racism. More important, this
moral intimidation shuts off discussion.

Mayor Giuliani laments that proposed federal legislation would not allow
local governments to “provide a zone of protection for undocumented
immigrants.” What specifically does this collection of weasel words mean?
Protection from what?

Protection from federal law.

Under proposed new federal legislation, local governments could no longer
pass laws forcing local officials to conceal the presence of illegal
immigrants from the federal government. The very fact that we can no longer
use the plain words “illegal immigrants” shows how far the moral intimidation
has gone.

It is bad enough for individual citizens to obstruct the application of
immigration laws to people who are here illegally. It is staggering that
there should be local laws deliberately set up to conceal people who are
breaking federal laws.

Giuliani, like many other pro-immigration spokesmen, sidesteps this
outrageous legal situation to argue that, on net balance, it is better not to
pursue illegal immigrants too zealously or to restrict their benefits too
severely, for fear of social repercussions. Whatever the merits of that
policy position, it is a position that should be argued before the federal

We cannot have local governments passing laws exempting people from those
federal laws that they don’t happen to like or making it a crime for local
officials to obey federal law. This is so blatantly obvious that nothing like
this is even attempted on other issues.

Underlying such practices and rhetoric is the notion that it is somehow wrong
to stop people from coming to the United States. Those who adopt a “citizen
of the world” air and lament the existence of national borders may enjoy a
glow of self-righteousness but immigration is a virtually irreversible
decision and it is receiving nothing like the kind of careful scrutiny that
irreversible decisions deserve.

A nation and a people is more than simply the sum total of the individuals
who happen to live within its borders. For a multi-ethnic society like the
United States, especially, it is a population which shares certain cultural
traditions and moral values. Protecting those traditions and values means
limiting how many people can enter, under what conditions and with what
commitment to becoming American rather than remaining foreign.

The much-denounced restrictions on immigration to the United States in
the1920s at least served the purpose of encouraging the Americanization of
the existing immigrants. All over the world, immigrants who are part of a
continuing stream of immigration from their homelands tend to remain foreign
longer. Today, there are organized movements and government-subsidized
programs to keep people not only foreign but even hostile to the very
country to which they have immigrated.

Ironically, those who thus raise the cost of immigration to the American
people are loudest in demanding freer immigration.

Mark Krikorian, executive director
Center for Immigration Studies
1522 K St. N.W., Suite 820, Washington, DC 20005-1202
(202) 466-8185 (phone); (202) 466-8076 (fax)

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Fri, 13 Jun 1997 01:26:24 -0400 (EDT)
From: Dolores Chutneg Yilibuw
Subject: CAC List Mail: the Denny’s Incident shows racism is alive and well!

i think asian/pacific americans and internationals can act proactively if
we all BOYCOTT DENNY’S! yes, go ahead and write letters to the atorney
general, etc.. but immediately stop supporting Denny’s.

let’s do it!

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Fri, 13 Jun 1997 09:32:16 -0700
From: Ken Fong
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men

Hi, all!

I’ve never attended a PK event yet (schedule conflicts,etc), but I’m
going to be one of the speakers at the first Asian American Men’s PK
rally this coming August. Plus, I was invited to be on the steering
committee for the SITG D.C. event, etc., etc. Suffice it to say, I
think they’re too be commended for trying to address racial
reconciliation issues when they’re not that popular (although their
approach might have been better informed last year), they really want to
hear from men of color, etc., etc. In short, even with their
shortcomings, I am still touched by their efforts.

That doesn’t mean that they aren’t guilty of overhyping their events.
When I turned down their invitation to be considered as one of the D.C.
rally speakers, their rep. (an AsiAm) marveled at how I could easily so
no to what has the potential to be the largest gathering of Christian
men in history (including satellite feeds). Gosh, that made me
initially question my decision. But then, as I thought about my reason
for declining, i.e., keeping my promise to take my family on vacation
and cutting down on my outside involvements to be home more, I remarked
that my saying no was directly tied to the core value of PK…Keeping
Promises to your loved ones!

They need our prayers and our input. Even if we can’t always
participate in their events.

Ken Fong

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Sat, 14 Jun 1997 02:20:50 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: Prayer Volunteers needed for PK AA conf

___________________National Ethnic Ministries Manager to Asian
16089 Penn Ave. San Lorenzo, CA 94580 (510)278-1000 (phone & fax) [email:]


Dear brothers and sisters in Christ,

Promise Keepers is hosting a special one day conference aimed at Asian
American men on Saturday, August 9, 1997. This special conference will
feature seven Asian speakers and an Asian worship team. Why should PK host
such a conference? First, cultural issues that are unique to Asian men can
be addressed in this special context. Second, this conference could
facilitate the largest and most diverse gathering of Christian Asian men in
the history of our nation. This would serve as a starting point toward the
goal of reconciliation among Asians themselves and with non-Asians in

While there is a need for volunteer help in about 10 different areas, the
greatest need we have at this time is for prayer volunteers. We would
greatly appreciate prayer support from men and women no matter where they
live or if they are able to actually attend this conference in person. We
will gladly convey praise and prayer items by email, phone, or postal mail.

Here are the four primary prayer ministries for which we are seeking
1. Volunteers who will commit to praying for this ministry on a particular
day of the week. We would like several people praying on each day of
the week.
2. Volunteers who will commit to fasting and prayer during the final 4-5
weeks prior
to this conference. Fasting may take any form you choose (a meal, a day, no
dessert during the entire 4-5 weeks, etc.).
3. Volunteers who will pray over every seat in the Redwood Chapel auditorium
the week prior to the conference.
4. Volunteers who will pray in 1-2 hour shifts in a special prayer room
during the day of the conference.

Please feel free to share this request for prayer volunteers with any person
or church you feel may be interested. Contact Louis Lee at,
(510)278.1000, 16089 Penn Ave. San Lorenzo, CA 94580. Please provide your
name, address, email, phone #, and choice of specific prayer ministry from
the above list.

Thank you very much!

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Sat, 14 Jun 1997 16:28:55 +0800 (EAT)
From: mooch
Subject: CAC List Mail: Re: Sowell’s article on immigration (long)

Hi everyone,
Thanks, Tim, for the posts. The Thomas Sowell article was very
> Underlying such practices and rhetoric is the notion that it is somehow wrong
> to stop people from coming to the United States. Those who adopt a “citizen
> of the world” air and lament the existence of national borders may enjoy a
> glow of self-righteousness but immigration is a virtually irreversible
> decision and it is receiving nothing like the kind of careful scrutiny that
> irreversible decisions deserve.
* Sowell raises a very intriguing issue, I think: the impact of
globalization on the way we think about national boundaries, citizenship
and culture. I think Sowell touches on it (see below) but does not
explain it fully (of course at least for space reasons); does anyone know
of any books/articles about this topic, or a reading list? I think it’s
important at least partly because this issue seems (to me) critical to
our understanding of what is “Chinese,” or what is “American.” Is it a
biological thing? A sociological thing? A psychological thing?

> A nation and a people is more than simply the sum total of the individuals
> who happen to live within its borders. For a multi-ethnic society like the
> United States, especially, it is a population which shares certain cultural
> traditions and moral values. Protecting those traditions and values means
> limiting how many people can enter, under what conditions and with what
> commitment to becoming American rather than remaining foreign.
* What are those “certain cultural traditions and moral values”? (I’m
afraid Sowell may be criticized for using weasel words himself if these
go undefined.) Can someone please supply a list (really!)?
* I’m not sure that those traditions and values (whatever they may be)
need to be “protected,” as if they were a “thing.” Perhaps they need to
be “propagated, promulgated, passed on.” What does “protect” mean here?
* The last statement here really bothers me; how does one draw the
difference between “foreign” and “American”? It seems this is a crux that
needs to be resolved.
* Come to think about it, it seems the discourse of immigration here has
mixed the legal and the cultural aspects of being an American. I can see
many people who are legally Americans but who would not be “culturally”
American by the definitions of some (many?) people. I can also see many
people who are “culturally” Americans but who are not legal Americans
(e.g., many overseas-born/American-raised Asian Americans (“1.5”

> The much-denounced restrictions on immigration to the United States in
> the1920s at least served the purpose of encouraging the Americanization of
> the existing immigrants. All over the world, immigrants who are part of a
> continuing stream of immigration from their homelands tend to remain foreign
> longer. Today, there are organized movements and government-subsidized
> programs to keep people not only foreign but even hostile to the very
> country to which they have immigrated.
* I sometimes think this is an unfair characterization. In my experience
(which is admittedly very limited), no immigrants were actually hostile
to the U.S.; they were just unable to assimilate because of their skin
color or language difficulties, so they managed to survive and flourish
in immigrant/non-white/non-black communities. There was no hatred at
America; there was just the matter of survival, which led to an isolation
from white/black culture.

Muchun (Mooch) Yin |E-mail:
Box 373, Tunghai University |Homepage:
Taichung, Taiwan |

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Sat, 14 Jun 1997 16:53:35 +0800 (EAT)
From: mooch
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men

Hi Ken,
Thanks for the mail.
I do think that PK’s desire for racial reconciliation is admirable and
worth supporting. I’m also intrigued to hear about the Asian American PK
My main concern is that when we talk about such events, I wonder whether
we are justified in talking about something as “God’s “; I’d
feel a bit more comfortable discussing something as “this Christian
group’s ” or “this individual Christian’s .” The use
of God/Jesus/Holy Spirit to persuade seems to be a powerful yet dangerous
way to convince. I’ve goaded others and been goaded by others too often
with “come to this/participate in this because it’s a movement of the
Spirit or because God is there.” This is not to say that God isn’t there
or won’t be there; come to think of it, we say this when we invite
others to become part of the Church. But I think we run the risk of
“anointing” some stuff that shouldn’t be so anointed (e.g. business
ventures, certain types of political activity).

Muchun (Mooch) Yin |E-mail:
Box 373, Tunghai University |Homepage:
Taichung, Taiwan |

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Sat, 14 Jun 1997 17:15:12 +0800 (EAT)
From: mooch
Subject: CAC List Mail: language games and an ill-attempt at humor

Hi all,

Some of you might be wondering why I’m so hung up about language, such as
the stuff used in the PK letter. Well, I’ve long had an interest in
language and its relationship to just about everything. I was a
journalist for a time and now teach English, so I tend to analyze
language a lot (perhaps too much).

Anyways, perhaps this is off-topic for the listserver, but I was
wondering if you’d humor me for a few paragraphs…

I suggest we stop using “Christian” as an adjective. That means no more
* Christian bookstores (did Christ die for your books and Precious Moments
* Christian work-out videotapes and gyms (unless it’s to help you _lose_
strength, because God exalts the weak)
* Christian bars (not even if they don’t serve Bloody Marys, just virgin
* Christian music (what makes a piece of music “Christian,” anyways? What
if the melody’s rotten by most people’s standards? What if a wonderful
strain was written by a non-Christian? Or even more mind-boggling, what
if a melody was written by a non-Christian but the lyrics were written by
a Christian? Is it redeemed? Or is this “unfairly yoking with unbelievers”?)
* Christian computing (besides, Microsoft might already qualify in some
people’s books as the beginnings of the one-world government… (which
reminds me that the number of the Beast might be 665.999999 if calculated
using certain microprocessors))

Jesus Christ died for people, I believe, not things. Of course, I know
that changing our linguistic habits would be too difficult and too
inconvenient. Besides, there’s probably too much money involved to bring
this linguistic change about.

Can’t hurt to try, I guess. Thanks for reading and bearing my cyncism.


Muchun (Mooch) Yin |E-mail:
Box 373, Tunghai University |Homepage:
Taichung, Taiwan |

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: 15 Jun 97 00:59:46 EDT
From: “J.C.”
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men

RE: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men

Dear Mooch:

I appreciate some the points you bring out & they are well taken. However, I
presume that your criticisms lie more with the promotion of the event, rather
than with the event itself.

I was just reading in Nehemiah today, The passage from Nehemiah 9:1-3 (NIV)
seemed appropriate to share in this context.

“…the Israelites gathered together, fasting and wearing sackcloth and having
dust on their heads. Those of Israelite descent had separated themselves from
all foreigners. They stood in their places and confessed their sins and the
wickedness of their fathers. They stood where they were and read from the Book
of the Law of the Lord their God for a quarter of the day, and spent another
quarter in confession and in worshiping the Lord their God.”

Anytime believers can gather together to corporately & individually confess
their sins, pray, worship, hear the Word & fellowship with the focus on Christ,
then I believe that such individuals should be encouraged & affirmed in their
attempts. Granted that not all who attend will do so with the proper
motivations, attitude of heart, or come out with a “life-changing” experience.

If you’ve ever been involved in fund-raising or public relations for any
organization, you may begin to identify with the difficulties involved. You may
then realize how hard it is at times to motivate people to give of their time,
money, or prayers toward any worthwhile cause. People are already busy with
their families, their work, their churches, etc. Why should any individual make
the time to go to any other event or activity, even if it is a worthy cause?
Being the human beings that we all are, we would probably want to hear some
reasons or benefits, either personal or otherwise, as we pray through how God
might lead us to decide in the midst of an already packed schedule.

In the attempts to encourage involvement, there is the ever-present danger of
overstepping the lines by being overly sensational or dramatic. This is not to
excuse how PK or how any other group might present themselves & come close to or
even cross such lines. There is the constant tension between the attempts to
encourage by persuasion & the need to avoid being overly sensational. It is not

I do agree with you regarding the dangers of being the person, group, or event
that claims to represents God’s movement, call, work, voice, etc. If that is
true, then the person, group, or event should just stick to the parts of prayer,
confession, repentance, preaching, fellowship, ministry, etc. & then just let
God take care of the rest.

In Him,
J. Chang

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 1997 03:28:43 -0400 (EDT)

Dear CACers:

Third segment of OCA info. – Tim Tseng



Contact: Dong Suh, APIAHF 703-841-9128
Jayne Park, NAPALC 202-296-2300
Daphne Kwok, OCA 202-223-5500
Nhu Trang Huynh, SEARAC 202-667-4690

Washington D.C. — A coalition of Asian and Pacific American groups
denounced the defeat of an amendment offered by Representative Xavier
Becerra (D-CA) to restore Supplemental Security Income and Medicaid
eligibility to current and future disabled, blind and aged immigrants who
were living in this country on August 22, 1996, the date of the welfare
reform enactment. All Democrats but only three out of 23 Republicans in the
Ways and Means Committee voted for the Becerra amendment which was
ultimately defeated by one vote (19 to 20).

The Ways and Means welfare provision that was approved would continue SSI
and Medicaid benefits to only those immigrants who were receiving SSI on
August 22, 1996, but would disqualify immigrants who become disabled in the

After confirming that there are enough unspent funds, Rep. Becerra
offered an amendment that would not only provide benefits to current SSI
recipients, but would have used the unspent funds to protect those
who become disabled in the future.

The Senate Finance Committee will consider the restoration of the
safety net to disabled, blind and the aged immigrants on June 17.

Dong Suh, policy analyst of the Asian & Pacific Islander American Health
Forum, stated, “It is unfortunate that the majority of the Republicans on
the committee lost their chance to provide critical health and income
support for the most vulnerable immigrant population.”

“Given the additional unspent money which the Committee identified,
Republicans could have easily voted to use this money to retain benefits
for more vulnerable legal immigrants. The majority of the Republicans
chose not to, and we find this choice to be morally unacceptable,” stated
Jayne Park, staff attorney at the National Asian Pacific American Legal

“Rep. Becerra’s amendment was the last best hope for blind, disabled, and
aged immigrants who will otherwise fall through the safety net when they are
cut off from SSI on August 22,” said Le Xuan Khoa, president of the
Southeast Asia Resource Center. “The fact that there are uncommitted funds
available to support this measure should remove the budgetary constraints
form an otherwise open-and-shut matter.”

Daphne Kwok, executive director of the Organization of Chinese Americans
said, “We strongly urge the Senate Finance Committee to adopt Rep. Becerra’s
amendment to prevent any more needless suffering and suicides that we’ve
seen among the elderly immigrants in the past few months. It’s the least
they can do.”



Last night, the House Ways and Means Committee narrowly defeated (19 to 20)
an amendment offered by Representative Xavier Becerra (D-CA) to restore
Supplemental Security Income and Medicaid eligibility to current and future
disabled, blind and aged immigrants who were living in this country on
August 22, 1996, the date of the welfare reform enactment. All Democrats
and three Republicans voted for the amendment. The overall welfare
provision passed with the vote of 21 to 18.


As passed, the Ways and Means bill would continue SSI and Medicaid benefits
to immigrants who were receiving SSI on August 22, 1996, but would
disqualify immigrants who become disabled in the future. That is,
regardless of how long they have lived in the country, immigrants cannot
receive SSI and Medicaid until citizenship when they become blind or

The Office of Management and Budget estimates that about 75,000 disabled and
blind immigrants would be denied SSI by 2002 under the Ways and Means bill
compared to the provision in the budget agreement between the President and
Republican Congressional leaders. As you may know, the budget agreement
would make all disabled immigrants eligible for SSI as long as they were in
the country by the date of the enactment but would cut off SSI to some
current elderly recipients. We expect, however, many elderly recipients
will be covered under the budget agreement as they age further.

We learned that there are extra savings above and beyond the amount that was
agreed to in the budget agreement to cover BOTH the disabled immigrants who
are not receiving SSI now AND the current SSI recipients. The availability
of this amount was the reason for such a close vote on the Becerra amendment
that we thought would lose by a much bigger margin.


It is critical now to focus the advocacy efforts in the Senate. The Senate
Finance Committee will be deliberating its version of the immigrant
provision on
TUESDAY, JUNE 17, 1997

We expect that the vote in the Senate Finance Committee will be close.
write or call the Senate members and urge them to protect the most vulnerable

among our community by continuing SSI benefits to current recipients AND
covering those who become disabled in the future because:



* Immigrants who become afflicted with Alzheimer’s disease, cancer
or any other crippling conditions would not be eligible for SSI
even if they don’t have sponsors.
* Elderly immigrants who are under 65 years of age now could never
receive SSI unless they become naturalized citizens.
* Some elderly immigrants will be cut off in August because they
not disabled although they cannot find work and may not have any
other support.
* There are resources available to cover these vulnerable immigrants.

It is the effort of the immigrant communities that we have come this close
to restoring much of the benefits to the elderly and disabled. The attached
is a Senate Finance Committee roster. If you do not live in the members’
state, please forward this to your friends who do. Thank you.


Address: The Honorable ________________
United States Senate
Washington, DC 20510

Phone: (202)224-_____


William Roth(DE), SH-104, 4-2441
John Chafee (RI), SD-505, 4-2921
Charles Grassley (IA), SH-135, 4-3744
Orrin Hatch (UT), SR-131, 4-5251
Alfonse D’Amato (NY), SH-520, 4-6542
Frank Murkowski (AK), SH-322, 4-6665
Don Nickles (OK), SH-133, 4-5754
Phil Gramm (TX), SR-370, 4-2934
Trent Lott (MS), SR-487, 4-6253
Jim Jeffords (VT), SH-728, 4-5141
Connie Mack (FL), SH-517, 4-5274


Daniel Patrick Moynihan(NY), SR-464, 4-4451
Max Baucus (MT), SH-511, 4-2651
John Rockefeller (WV), SH-531, 4-6472
John Breaux (LA), SH-516, 4-4623
Kent Conrad (ND), SH-530, 4-2043
Bob Graham (FL), SH-524, 4-3041
Carol Moseley-Braun (IL), SH-324, 4-2854
Richard Bryan (NV), SR- 259, 4-6244
Robert Kerrey (NE), SH-141, 4-6551

Organization of Chinese Americans
1001 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. Suite #707
Washington, D.C. 20036

Voice Mail:(202)223-5523

World Wide Web:

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 1997 03:28:37 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: FWD: OCA: Red Peril & Chinese Laundry


More OCA stuff. – Tim Tseng

We would like to inform you that over the past few months the National
Republican Senatorial Campaign has been capitalizing on the campaign finance
controversy at the expense of the APA community. They are stirring up the
“Red Peril” sentiment for their fundraising efforts and are using “Chinese
Laundry” as the name of their summer softball team.

Please find the following two letters that were sent to Chairman Mitch
McConnell. We hope that you will also send your letters of outrage to him as

Thank you very much.
Daphne Kwok
Executive Director

June 11, 1997

The Honorable Mitch McConnell
National Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee
425 2nd Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4914

Dear Chairman McConnell:

It has come to the attention of the Organization of Chinese Americans that
the tional Republican Senatorial Committee, sent out a fundraising letter
accusing President Clinton of accepting illegal donations from a “Communist
regime.” The mid-March letter, which was under your name, used language that
seeks to whip up anti-Chinese sentiment to raise cash. How offensive that is
to not only Chinese Americans, some of whom are already fourth-generation
Americans, but also to Asian Pacific Americans.

For example, when referring to the “ILLEGAL FOREIGN CASH” taken by the
Democrat National Committee, the letter said the U.S. Presidency was being
auctioned off to “Red China, which still considers itself a Communist
country!!” It further states, “This is a direct slap in the face to those
brave, young American soldiers who spilled their blood defending freedom and
democracy in the world.” The members of the WW II 442nd Army Regiment
composed of Japanese Americans were also “brave, young American soldiers who
spilled their blood defending freedom and democracy in the world”, but I
don’t think you are including them in your reference. By using patriotism to
inflame potential donors, the letter plays on the old fear of the Red Peril
seizing the world, taking us back to the McCarthy days.

Now you may wonder why the Organization of Chinese Americans may be so
concerned with the image of China as the “Red Peril”. Considering the
current investigation of the campaign finance controversy, which makes no
distinction between Asian Nationals and Asian Americans, we believe that the
negative images of a few Asians/Asian Americans directly impacts all 10
million Asian Pacific Americans (APA’s).

This allusion to China as “Red China” is alarming and is what leads to
hysteria directed towards anyone who may look Chinese, and for most people in
the U.S., the 10 million Asian Pacific Americans may all be mistaken as
Chinese. This fuels the acceptability of the use of racist caricatures on a
national magazine, such as what occurred with the March issue of The National
Review. How far will this attitude go? Not too much time has passed to
forget how the United States reacted towards their own citizens, Japanese
Americans, whose ancestry was of a country the U.S. lived in fear of during
WW II. Who is to say this will not happen again? Have we not learned from
our past mistakes that resulted in a U.S. President apologizing to the
Japanese American citizens?

The NRSC should be taking a leadership role in this country and not acting
irresponsibly at the expense of a group of Americans. We ask for a public
apology to all Chinese Americans and APA’s for the insensitive work of the

Michael C. Lin, Ph.D.
National President


11 June 1997

The Honorable Mitch McConnell
National Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee
425 2nd Street, NE
Washington, DC 20002-4914

Dear Chairman McConnell:

The Organization of Chinese Americans was dismayed to discover last week in
the Washington Post that the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee chose
to name its softball team “Chinese Laundry.”

Yet again, the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee has revealed its lack
of sensitivity and respect for the Asian Pacific American community. The
name of the team could imply either the alleged “laundry of Chinese money” or
the subservience of the Chinese to the manual labor of washing laundry.

We realize the naming of the softball team may have been made in whimsical
jest, but it perpetuates the condescending attitude towards Chinese and
Chinese Americans. Whether it be softball team names or your fundraising
letters regarding “Red China,” the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee
must be aware that, by mocking Chinese American involvement in politics, it
is offending a large portion of our country’s population. The language used
by the Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee disregards the considerable
contribution (financial and non-financial) of the Chinese Americans who are
as involved in the Republican Party as in the Democratic Party or as

The Republican Senatorial Campaign Committee should have known that the
careless use of “Chinese Laundry” for the name of your softball team would be
offensive. The Republican Party should not alienate any constituent group
nor should you be relying on the continued scapegoating of the Chinese
American community. We ask that the name of your softball team be changed
immediately, and we seek an immediate apology to the Chinese American and
Asian Pacific American community.

Michael C. Lin, Ph.D.
National President

Organization of Chinese Americans
1001 Connecticut Avenue, N.W. Suite #707
Washington, D.C. 20036

Voice Mail:(202)223-5523

World Wide Web:

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 1997 05:07:10 -0400 (EDT)


My take on this question – I believe that the AAAS is opening up to religious
studies and would very much like to include articles about Asian American
religion in the new Journal. As many may be aware, _Amerasia Journal_ devoted
an entire issue to religion about three issues ago. That issue will be
re-published by U. of Hawaii Press.

Let me now qualify what I just said about the gradual opening up to religious
studies. I don’t think either _Amerasia Journal_ or the new AAAS Journal
will publish many theological articles because (1) they don’t have anyone
qualified on their editorial boards to evaluated theological papers; (2)
despite their respect for intellectual history or theory, theology doesn’t
really count in this arena for most scholars.

Also, despite the excellent quality of many D.Min. dissertations I’ve come
across which examine Asian American congregations, most that were written via
evangelical institutions tend to lack discussion about race, gender, or class
(i.e., evangelical use of social sciences is very limited and usually lacks a
critical perspective). I suspect that one will have to be better read in
critical race theories and gender studies in order to get a paper on
religion published – even if one wants to argue against these theories or any
academic perspective which reduces religion to an epiphenomenon or a
dependent variable.

Having said this, it would be wonderful if more Asian American Christians
would engage Asian American studies and attempt to contribute and make a
“dent for Christ” in the Asian Americanist field. šŸ™‚

Tim Tseng

In a message dated 6/13/97 7:54:48 PM, (mooch) wrote:


— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 1997 05:07:05 -0400 (EDT)

FYI, Tim Tseng


If you have any questions, please contact Jayne Park at the
National Asian Pacific American Legal Consortium, at

June 13, 1997


On Tuesday, June 17, the Senate Finance Committee, which has
responsibility for the budget, will begin considering and voting
on measures which will restore benefits to legal immigrants.

The House Ways and Means Committee voted this week to restore SSI
and Medicaid only to those legal immigrants who were receiving SSI
on August 22, 1996, while disqualifying legal immigrants who become
disabled after that date. Despite identifying an additional $2.3
billion in unspent funds, most of the Republicans on the Committee
voted against applying this extra money to legal immigrants who
later become disabled. This same unfortunate decision could
also be made in the Senate Finance Committee.


Please contact members of the Senate Finance Committee by phone
or fax before June 17, and urge them to, at a minimum:

1. Restore SSI and Medicaid benefits for all elderly and
disabled legal immigrants who are currently receiving benefits.

2. Add additional money to provide SSI and Medicaid benefits
for those legal immigrants who were living in the U.S.
before August 23, 1996 (the date the welfare reform law passed),
and who become disabled after that date.

Attached is a sample letter, and a list of members of the Senate
Finance Committee. If your Senators are not on the Committee,
contact them and ask them to share your concerns with their
colleagues on the Committee.

If you have any questions, please contact Jayne Park at the
National Asian Pacific American Legal Consortium, at (202)296-2300.


Phone: (202)224-_____

William Roth(DE), ph: 4-2441/fax: 228-0354
John Chafee (RI), ph: 4-2921/fax:
Charles Grassley (IA), ph: 4-3744/fax 224-6020
Orrin Hatch (UT), ph: 4-5251/fax
Alfonse D’Amato (NY), ph: 4-6542/fax 224-5871
Frank Murkowski (AK), ph:4-6665/fax224-5301
Don Nickles (OK), ph:4-5754/fax 224-6008
Phil Gramm (TX), ph:4-2934/fax
Trent Lott (MS), ph:4-6253/fax:224-2262
Jim Jeffords (VT), ph:4-5141/fax:
Connie Mack (FL), ph:4-5274/fax:

Daniel Moynihan(NY),ph:4-4451/fax: 228-0406
Max Baucus (MT), ph:4-2651/fax:
John Rockefeller (WV),ph: 4-6472/fax:
John Breaux (LA), ph:4-4623/fax:
Kent Conrad (ND), ph:4-2043/fax: 224-7776
Bob Graham (FL),ph:4-3041/fax:
Carol Moseley-Braun (IL),ph: 4-2854
Richard Bryan (NV), ph:4-6244
Robert Kerrey (NE), ph: 4-6551

June 12, 1997

Senator ___________
United States Senate
Washington, D.C. 20510

Dear Senator ______________:

I understand that the Senate Finance Committee will begin its
mark-up on June 17, 1997 to restore SSI and Medicaid benefits
to legal immigrants.

At a minimum, I urge you and the other Committee members to
restore SSI and Medicaid benefits for all elderly and disabled
legal immigrants who were receiving benefits as of August 22,
1996, and provide benefits for those who become disabled
after that date.

I have learned that, despite identifying additional funds,
the House Ways and Means Committee voted against providing SSI
and Medicaid to legal immigrants who become disabled after
August 22, 1996. I find this decision by lawmakers to turn
their backs on an entire category of vulnerable legal
immigrants to be unacceptable and mean-spirited, and
urge you to restore benefits for both current and future recipients.


If you have any questions, please contact Jayne Park at the
National Asian Pacific American Legal Consortium, at (202)296-2300.

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 1997 19:47:53 +0800 (EAT)
From: mooch

Hi Tim,
Thanks for the mail. Is there a publication of specifically Asian
American theological studies out there? Also, can anyone suggest a
reading list regarding Asian American religion?

Muchun (Mooch) Yin |E-mail:
Box 373, Tunghai University |Homepage:
Taichung, Taiwan |

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 1997 12:32:59 -0400 (EDT)


There is a new publication called the _Journal of Asian and Asian American
Theology_ based in the Center for Pacific and Asian American Ministries
(CPAAM) at the Claremont School of Theology, 1325 N. College Ave., Clarmont,
CA 91711 (909) 621-7707; Fax (909) 626-1208.

I’m told that first issues are available and a second issue is forthcoming
which will focus on Asian American Feminist Theology. Kwok Pui-lan is the
guest editor. Contact Dr. Paul Nagano if you would like to know more about
JAAAT at .

The Graduate Theological Union in Berkeley has an Asian American organization
called Pacific and Asian American Center for Theology and Strategies (PACTS).
Back in 1976, Roy Sano (currently a Methodist bishop) compiled a collection
of theological reflections in the PACTS Reader (this may be availabe at most
theological libraries). Though dated, there’s talk about re-publishing it.
These days, PACTS seems to be focusing more on justice issues than on

I don’t know any evangelical effort at discussing Asian American theological
concerns that is seminary-related. Dr. Sam Ling, of course, has been doing a
lot of important work. And there have been a large number of D.Min.

The scholarship on Asian American religion is gradually emerging, though not
much has been published yet. For the past three years, Dr. Jung Ha Kim and I
have co-chaired an Asian American religion consultation at the American
Academy of Religion/Society of Biblical Literature conferences. I know that
a group of Chinese biblical scholars (including Sze Kar Wan and several
others who helped to initiate the CAC list) have also organized a
consultation for the Society of Biblical Literature. Dr. David Yoo (at
Claremont-McKenna) and I have also organized a few sessions on Asian American
Religion at the Organization of American Historians and the American
Historical Association and American Society of Church History. Dr. Fenggang
Yang has been breaking into the sociology network with his congregational
studies of Chinese churches in N. America. I believe that there will be a
plethora of publications within the next five years.

– Tim Tseng

In a message dated 6/16/97 7:15:24 AM, (mooch) wrote:


— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Mon, 16 Jun 1997 18:42:47 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: PK Sacred Assembly notes

official responses to some frequently asked questions from

How does “Stand in the Gap” compare with the Million Man March?

There is no direct comparison with the 1995 gathering convened by Louis

“Stand in the Gap” is:
* a religious worship event for the Church of Jesus Christ;
* a gathering of Christian men from all races and ethnicities;
* free of an admission fee; no offering at the event will be received;
* a demonstration of spiritual poverty and profound sorrow for personal and
corporate sin;
* about personal repentance and corporate confession to God through Jesus
Christ, who alone can atone for sin;
* about direct reconciliation between races and denominations;
* a presentation from the Church to Almighty God, in the presence of the
world’s media;
* without a political agenda.

What is the goal of “Stand in the Gap”?

To gather a diverse multitude of men in the name of Jesus Christ, to confess
personal and collective sin so that we may present to the Lord, godly men on
their knees in humility, then on their feet in unity, reconciled and poised
for revival and spiritual awakening. PROMISE KEEPERS desires to see a revival
of the Church of Jesus Christ in America. It is encouraged in this goal by
scripture, particularly 2 Chronicles 7:14: “If my people who are called by My
name will humble themselves and pray, and seek My face and turn from their
wicked ways, then will I hear from heaven, will forgive their sin and will
heal their land.”

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men
Date: Thu, 19 Jun 1997 15:32:06 EDT

On Thu, 19 Jun 1997 00:58:54 -0400 (EDT) writes:

>may I inquire why you would say that it would not [be] possible to be
American, >Christian, right wing, pro-family, opposed to liberalism AND
moving people to >the kingdom of God?

Dear Garrick,

I’d say opposing realms are joined together by the word ‘AND’.

God is Love yet, politically speaking, ‘no respecter of persons’ (Acts

In ‘conversion’ we are ‘transferred to the kingdom of his dear son’
(Colossians 1:13). Some people seize/embrace this kingdom immediately;
others ignore, deny, reject, or even attempt to destroy it; but some
people add political ‘packaging’. Maybe like MLK did, for example.

I’m wondering whether PK also ‘packages’ the kingdom of God in

Could the (unrefuted) PK ‘package’ be this: An American, Christian*,
right wing, pro-family, opposed to liberialism experience ?

*(perhaps ‘religious’ is a better adjective than ‘Christian’)

Anyway, this unrefuted idea heads back to Mooch’s questions:

>What separates the PK assembly from something like an
>abortion/anti-abortion rally, or the Million Man March, or other mass
>demonstration? The invitation sounds persuasive, but…

>But what REALLY marks a special event, an event of God?

Best regards,

G —> Gary Ottoson

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Fri, 20 Jun 1997 01:31:44 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: Fwd: More etiquette lessons

Now for something completely different! Levity and sermon illustrations for

Special thanks to Peter Yuichi Clark (Ph.D. Candidate in Practical Theology
at Emory University) for these…

Forwarded message:
From: (Peter Yuichi Clark)
Reply-to: (Peter Yuichi Clark)
To: (Bill Fleming and Betsy Cambron),
Date: 97-06-19 14:33:42 EDT

Creative ways to get fired from your job, for those of you who are looking
for a career transition.



(1) Put a chair facing a printer; sit there all day and tell people you’re
waiting for your document.

(2) Insist that your e-mail address be

(3) Every time someone asks you to do something, ask them to sign a

(4) Every time someone asks you to do something, ask them if they want
fries with that.

(5) Page yourself over the intercom. (Don’t disguise your voice.)

(6) Come to work in your pajamas.

(7) Put your name on your business card in Pig Latin.

(8) Find out where your boss shops and buy exactly the same outfits.
Always wear them one day after your boss does. (This is especially
effective if your boss is a different gender than you are.)

(9) Suggest that cans of motor oil be put in the soda machine and say
“It’s better to have it and not need it than to need it and not have it.”

(10) Agree to organize the company Christmas party. Hold it at McDonald’s
Playland. Charge everyone $55 each.

(11) Send e-mail to the rest of the company telling them what you’re
doing. For example, “If anyone needs me I’ll be in the bathroom.”

(12) Plant a hedge around your cubicle.

(13) Put on your headphones whenever the boss comes into the office. Talk
in a loud voice. Remove your headphones when he or she leaves.

(14) Develop an unnatural fear of staplers.

(15) Compose all your e-mail in rhyming couplets.

(16) Install a set of buttons and lights in the arm of your chair. Talk
into your Day-Timer.

(17) “Hi-lite” your shoes. Tell people that you haven’t lost either one
of them since you did this.

(18) Hang mistletoe over your desk… all year round.

(19) While sitting at your desk, type with one hand and soak the other in

(20) Put up mosquito netting around your cubicle.

(21) Send e-mail messages advertising free pizza, free donuts, etc., in
the lunchroom. When people complain that there was none, just lean back,
pat your stomach, and say, “Oh, you’ve got to be faster than that.”


— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Fri, 20 Jun 1997 01:32:24 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: CAC List Mail: Fwd: to selected friends in/concerned about Asia

Here is a nice summary of how the Baptist Peace Fellowship in N. America
became involved with peacemaking in Asia. Ken Sehested (the other half o=
Nancy Sehested – an excellent speaker and ordained Southern Baptist minis=
is the director of the BPFNA. Comments are welcome!

– Tim Tseng
Forwarded message:
From: (Baptist Peace Fellowship)
To:,,,,,,,,, bwanet!baptist!, lac@petron.=
Date: 97-06-19 14:52:57 EDT

Koichi Kimura, professor at the Baptist Seminary in Indonesia, asked me t=
write a paper on our experience in peacemaking work in Asia, for use at t=
ABF Congress in July. FYI, I’ve posted a copy below.

Ken Sehested
Peacemaking in Asia and the Pacific Rim:
Partnership with the Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America

by Ken Sehested

I take great delight in responding to the request to write about
our organization’s involvement with Baptist peacemakers in Asia and the
Pacific Rim. However, before beginning, I would like to make two comments
of explanation.
First, our work with Asian Baptist partners has been immensely
satisfying to us and, evidently, genuinely helpful to those with whom we
have worked. Nevertheless, we are merely junior partners in the ministry =
peacemaking to which Christ calls us all. The difficult and sometimes
dangerous work of seeking peace, of resisting injustice, of calling for
respect for human rights, is being carried on daily by countless Baptists
(and others!) throughout the region. Most of their names are not even
known, much less celebrated.
Second, the narratives that follow are but a few among many. The
points of interaction between Asian Baptists involved “in the things that
make for peace” and the BPFNA are not necessarily the most urgent cases
calling for redemptive response. These merely happen to be the ones where
we have been invited as partners. The names we mention and the situations
we address are but a sampling of a much larger reality known more fully b=
those whose lives are rooted in the Asian context.

The Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America (BPFNA) was created
in 1984 as a means of linking Baptists-from the many different convention=
and unions throughout North America-involved in a variety of justice and
peace concerns. We began with the conviction that there are a lot of more
of us than anybody knew. Because peacemaking is not a high priority for
most North American conventions and local congregations, those who are
involved often feel isolated and alone in their convictions. We had littl=
means to connect with others, in our own conventions or in others.
Soon after beginning our work, we began discovering other Baptist
peacemakers everywhere. Throughout the width and breadth of the United
States, Canada, Puerto Rico and Mexico, we came to know Baptist brothers
and sisters who believe that naming Jesus as Lord means being redemptivel=
involved in the world’s pain, in confronting violence and injustice in al=
its forms.
As our connections began to expand, it didn’t take us long to
uncover contacts in other parts of the world. We stumbled across the
British Baptist Peace Fellowship, formed in 1930; the “Initiative Schalom=

group of West German Baptists; the “Coordination of Baptist Workers and
Students” in Cuba; the “Fellowship of Concerned Baptists” in South Africa=
Baptists from the Caribbean and Latin America who convened in 1986 the
“Consultation of San Jose” in order to “undertake a rereading of the
Baptist heritage and witness”; and, from Australia, the Baptist Social
Justice Group of Victoria (BSJG).
Formed in 1980, the BSJG was formed “to bring together those
Baptists who . . . felt they could not remain silent in the face of so mu=
suffering, hunger, poverty and despair.”1 Within the BSJG organization ar=
several taskforces which deal with various issues, such as housing,
disarmament, justice for Australia’s Aboriginal people, etc.

Encounter with Asian Baptist peacemakers
Direct personal contact with Asian Baptist peacemakers first
occurred in 1985 when, on a family trip to Japan (where my wife lived for=
time before we married), a missionary friend from the U.S. helped set up =
meeting with Japanese Baptists in the Tokyo area concerned about
peacemaking, particularly through the work of four social concerns
committees of the Japanese Baptist Convention.
A second point of connection came with active correspondence with
Arty de Silva, director of Sri Lankan Baptist Ministries in Kandy, Sri
Lanka.2 In the spring of 1987 Arty wrote us to say that the BPFNA
newsletter was being translated both into Sinhala and Tamil, indigenous
languages of the region! The focus of his ministry was drawing together
Christians, Buddhists Hindus and Muslims for reconciliation in a region
torn by political violence rooted in racial/ethnic and religious conflict.
The BPFNA’s involvement with Asian Baptists took a dramatic turni=
point in August 1988, when we cosponsored, with the European Baptist
Federation, the International Baptist Peace Conference, held in Sj=F6vik,
Sweden, under the theme “Seek Peace, and Pursue It” (from Psalm 34:14 and=
Peter 3:11). That gathering of 170 participants, from 27 countries (and
every continent), represents the first time in history that Baptists have
gathered to focus on peacemaking.
Among the participants were seven from Asia and the Pacific Rim: =
Benjamin and Madasu Joshua from India; Arty de Silva from Sri Lanka,
Heather and Noel Vose from Australia (both of whom we speakers), Domingo
Diel from the Philippines (and current president of the Convention of
Philippines Baptist Churches) and Saboi Jum, Baptist pastor from Myanmar
(Burma). At the time, Rev. Jum was studying in the U.S. He had earlier be=
involved in mediating conflict between the military government and his ow=
Kachin people. Daniel Buttry, then director of the Peace Program of the
American Baptist Churches USA, had met Rev. Jum the previous year and
arranged to have him travel to Sweden for the International Conference. A=
Dan’s urging, the planning committee made room on an already-crowded
conference agenda to allow Rev. Jum to speak. Little did we know that his
testimony would have a profound effect on the conference and on the BPFNA.
Rev. Jum spoke of realities about which virtually no one in the
room had heard. Few knew of the unique history of Baptist missionary work
in the region; that significant portions of the Kachin and other indigeno=
peoples of the area were Baptists; that the military was committing gross
human rights violations in many sectors of the country. Just days followi=
the end of our conference, newspapers around the world featured headlines
of the government’s brutal repression of the democratically-inspired
student uprising in Yangon.
Part of Rev. Jum’s testimony to the conference was an urgent plea
for assistance and advice on how his people could survive this oppression.
“You sent us Adoniram Judson with the Gospel message nearly 200 years ago=
he reminded us, “and now we need another Judson, to bring liberation from
our suffering, to bring peace to our war-torn land.”
The entire conference was stunned. Not only had we not heard of t=
situation he described in such painful detail; but we also had no idea ho=
to help. Those of us from the BPFNA returned home overjoyed with the
results of the conference but still troubled at the challenge of our
brother from Myanmar.
Within a few months after returning, Dan arranged to spend severa=
days with Rev. Jum to learn more details about the Myanmar crisis and to
help develop a response strategy. Shortly thereafter, Dan-as a member of
the BPFNA board of directors-considerably raised the level of intensity
among our leadership with his report. During the next three year Dan made
three separate trips to Asia, at the invitation of Rev. Jum and others, t=
hold meetings with leaders of various insurgent groups in Myanmar to
encourage the strengthening of the Democratic Alliance, a coalition of
dissident groups seeking to negotiate with the new SLORC (State Law and
Order Restoration Commission) government. On one of these trips he served
as spokesperson for an international team of mediators from the United
Kingdom, Canada, Germany, Thailand and the U.S. Unfortunately, internal
conflicts, particularly between Karen and Kachin leaders, soon ruptured t=
Alliance. Hopes for a unified voice among the opposition groups were deal=
a serious setback.

A North America initiative to address international tensions
Beginning in 1991, the BPFNA responded when a series of events ga=
rise to severe strain in U.S.-Japanese relations. The U.S. was experienci=
an economic recession. Accusations of unfair trade by Japan, compounded b=
the 50th anniversary in December of the Japanese bombing of Pearl Harbor
and highly publicized media accounts of Japanese businesses purchasing U.=
companies and valuable real estate, led to a growing popular perception o=
a Japanese “take over” of the U.S. “Japan bashing” was quickly becoming a
popular theme by U.S. politicians, and Asian-Americans from various
racial/ethnic backgrounds were becoming the targets of terrorist violence.
The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights issued a 233-page report in March 199=
confirming the rise in hate crimes against Asian-Americans and calling it
“a serious national problem.”
In response, the BPFNA interviewed numerous Baptist leaders about
the situation and issued a four-page news release quoting and summarizing
their prophetic comments opposing this outbreak of bigotry and violence. =
addition, we wrote and circulated a document titled “‘Japan Bashing’:
Sowing the Seeds for War,” which reminded U.S. citizens of our own histor=
of shame in the 1942 internment of 123,000 Japanese Americans into
concentration camps after the outbreak of World War II-for no reason othe=
than their racial heritage.
“There is a growing anxiety among citizens in the U.S. over the
falling standard of living in our nation,” noted the BPFNA statement. “Su=
fearfulness, if not allayed in some way, sets the tone for violent
conflict. It gathers and amplifies the domestic political support for
international aggression.”3

Asian focus inspired at Nicaragua conference
Later in 1992 the BPFNA would become acquainted with a larger
circle of Asian and Pacific Rim Baptist peacemakers, in a conference in t=
Central American country of Nicaragua. Cosponsored with the Baptist
Convention of Nicaragua, the second International Baptist Peace Conferenc=
was held in July. Asians present included: Philip Adhikary, from
Bangladesh; Silumula and Hannah Joseph, S.K. Mohanty and B.M. Sudheer fro=
India; Joanna and Albert Moniung from Indonesia; Makoto Tanno and Eiko
Kanamaru from Japan; Bong Gi-Choi from South Korea; Heshan de Silva from
Sri Lanka; and Saboi Jum. Acquaintance with these new friends brought a
wealth of new stories of other Asian Baptist peacemakers.
Among the various comments of evaluation from that conference, on=
suggestion was especially fruitful. In discussing the possibility of
another such international conference in the future, someone suggested th=
it focus more specifically on one continent, so that more attention could
be given to the concrete realities of that region. That idea eventually l=
to correspondence and conversation with Edwin Lopez and other Asian Bapti=
Federation leaders, who were very enthusiastic about the idea. ABF leader=
later invited the BPFNA to cosponsor the conference, providing technical
and financial assistance. Eventually, some 80 participants from 14
countries throughout Asia and the Pacific Rim gathered 26-29 November 199=
at the YMCA Hotel in Chiang Mai, Thailand. The conference, convened by Re=
Lopez, included a daily agenda of Bible study, actual training in conflic=
resolution theory and practice, and personal stories from various countri=
in the region. Additionally, conference participants unanimously approved
on the final day a resolution calling on the Asian Baptist Federation’s
Executive Committee to create and fund “a permanent task force to respond
to the biblical commands calling for justice, peace, reconciliation and
human rights concerns affecting our region.” An interim steering committe=
was appointed. Its members included: Rev. Lopez, from the Philippines;
Chung Dong-Sup from South Korea; Koichi Kimura, a Japanese Baptist teachi=
in Indonesia; Saboi Jum from Myanmar; Wati Aier from India; Alan Marr fro=
Australia; Feraz Legita from the Philippines; and Thorwald Lorenzen,
representing the Baptist World Alliance Human Rights Commission, from
Australia. At its inaugural meeting in February, members of the steering
committee named itself the “Asian Baptist Peace Network” and approved a
series of short-, medium- and long-range goals.

Development of the Gavel Memorial Peace Fund
Earlier mention has been made of the BPFNA’s direct partnership
with Baptists in Myanmar, beginning with Saboi Jum and the Kachin people.
In January of 1995 the BPFNA sponsored its first “Friendship Tour” to
Myanmar, which brought us into much closer contact with Myanmar Baptist
Convention General Secretary Mar Gay Gyi and, through him, a wide range o=
other leaders throughout the country and its diverse racial/ethnic people=
Ironically, though, a crisis in our “Burma Project” that led to t=
creation of the BPFNA’s Gavel Memorial Peace Fund, a project to undergird
and support the growing number of requests were we receiving, from Asia a=
elsewhere, to provide technical assistance, training and small grants in
support of indigenous Baptist leadership involved in conflict mediation o=
civil strife and nonviolent struggle against oppression.
Shortly prior to the second International Baptist Peace Conferenc=
in Nicaragua, a reordering of priorities by Dan Buttry’s superiors at the
American Baptist Churches USA forced him to withdraw as the BPFNA’s
principle agent directing the Burma Project. The political demands of
mission agency structures was now hampering rather than enhancing the
pursuit of peace.
This action provoked a serious crisis for the BPFNA. As a very
small organization, with virtually no subsidy from Baptist conventions or
mission agencies, we were unable to support the work necessary for a
project like that underway in Myanmar. But then a small miracle occurred.
In the providence of God, the passing of one of North American Baptists’
most faithful peacemakers, Victor Gavel, provided the seed for new
peacemaking initiatives. In his will, Mr. Gavel provided a significant
contribution to the BPFNA. Over a period of 12 months, the BPFNA board of
directors discussed and prayed about many options for using this special
gift. In the end, the board unanimously approved the creation of the Gave=
Memorial Peace Fund, with Mr. Gavel’s contribution as the initial
endowment, to sustain the work of conflict mediation projects in North
America and abroad. The board also voted to install Dan Buttry as the
volunteer director of the Gavel Fund. Not long after that, with a
transition from his ministry in the denomination’s central office to that
as a local church pastor, Dan has been able to devote more time in
directing the Gavel Fund’s work, which now has provided support in variou=
forms to Baptist leaders in more than a dozen countries.
A second major mediation project in Asia is currently underway.
Unfortunately, due to the highly sensitive nature of this project, we can
disclose only the general outline of the work.
During the August 1993 Baptist World Alliance General Council
meetings in Harare, Zimbabwe, a chance encounter with A.W. (his identity
must remain undisclosed) has led the BPFNA into a very significant
involvement in assisting mediation efforts in one war-torn area of Asia. =
the invitation of our key partner, an initial trip to the area in the
spring of 1994 opened the door to conversations with some of the armed
insurgents. Following that initial encounter, there followed two years of
frequent correspondence and faxes, additional meetings with A.W. in other
locations, and then a second trip to the region. What we have been workin=
for, praying for, hoping for-for four years-is now about to happen. In th=
very near future, leaders from each of the conflicting political parties =
the region have agreed to come to the negotiating table, with BPFNA staff
serving as mediator.

Theology and strategy for peacemaking
The theology and strategy we employ for peacemaking are closely
linked. Theologically, we hold firmly to the revered Baptist tradition
emphasizing “the priesthood of all believers”-meaning that all are called
to embark on the journey of faith, to carry on the ministry of
reconciliation inaugurated by our Lord. Peacemaking is not only for the
“saints,” not only for those with special talents or abilities or courage.
The peace which Christ gives is directly related to conditions in
the created order, an order which God declared was good at the beginning
and has promised to redeem at the end. Unfortunately, in many of our
churches the “peace of Christ” has been reduced to private reality and
future afterlife, with little or no impact on a world for which God in
Christ relinquished life itself so that we may live.
The grace through which we ourselves have been baptized into the
life of the Spirit represents the power to overcome evil in all its viole=
manifestations. Not that our efforts are instrumental in constructing the
Kingdom of God. That Kingdom has already been inaugurated in Jesus’ victo=
over death. We are but witnesses, responding to our Lord’s promise of
having “overcome the world.” We, whose hearts have been healed by grace,
whose lives are daily being freed from fear, are learning to live in
fidelity to a new and different vision, to sing to a new melody. We have
been freed, through God’s grace, to live in accordance to a different
logic, one that seems strange and “alien” to the world. Our confidence in
God’s rule means that we honor the poor and needy, not the wealthy and
powerful. We are the heralds of the new age which is moving toward us, th=
day when “the wolf shall dwell with the lamb,” when “the earth shall be
full of the knowledge of the Lord as the waters cover the sea” (Isaiah 11=
On that day, “every boot of the trampling warrior in battle tumult and
every garment rolled in blood will be burned as fuel for the fire,” for
“unto us a child is born” and “of the increase of his reign and of peace
there will be no end” (Isaiah 9). The prophet Micah predicts the day when
“they shall beat their swords into plowshares, and their spears into
pruning hooks; nation shall not lift up sword against nation, neither sha=
they learn war any more” (4:3-4).
Mary, mother of Jesus, prayed for the day when God will put down
the mighty from their thrones, and exalt those of low degree, filling the
hungry with good things and sending the rich away empty-handed (Luke 1:
51-53). The Apostle Paul wrote: “For the creation itself waits with eager
longing for the revealing of the children of God. The creation itself wil=
be set free from its bondage to decay . . . for in this hope we were save=
(Romans 8:19-24). Both Isaiah and John spoke of the coming “new heaven an=
new earth” when tears will be dried, weeping will be finished, and death
itself will be no more (Isaiah 65:17-22; Revelation 21:1-4). Jesus himsel=
spoke of his saving mission in these terms: “God has anointed me to preac=
good news to the poor . . . release to the captives . . . recovering of
sight to the blind . . . liberty for the oppressed” and to proclaim the
Jubilee year (Luke 4:18-19).4
The mission of believers does not involve a withdrawal from the
world but a confrontation with the world. The church-Christ’s continuing
body of redemption-is not saved from the world but for the world. The
message of salvation is not merely for some disembodied soul, but for the
whole created order.
It is not an easy to answer the Spirit’s invitation to such new
life. The result is conflict with a world oriented to injustice and
oppression, to self-centered living, to hatred and fear and envy.
Discipleship is indeed a costly matter. Much of the time, the forces of
violence seem to be winning; and we are often tempted to doubt God’s
promise of a new order.
Because we are engaged in such a serious and costly struggle, tho=
who have been captivated by the vision of the coming “peaceable Kingdom”
need fellowship with others on the journey. Thus, the strategy we in the
BPFNA employ is that of creating active peacemaking networks within Bapti=
life, to encourage Baptist peacemakers to know about, encourage and assis=
each other-and, whenever it is appropriate, to join in common effort with
others who share a common goal.
This is why we think the creation of the Asian Baptist Peace
Network is so very significant. It can continue the work of linking other=
in common purpose; it can lift up the stories of those who are courageous=
bearing witness to Christ’s promise of peace; it can assist brothers and
sisters in emergency situations where human rights are being trampled; it
can create material to help provide education in discipleship through loc=
Our brief exposure to our brothers and sisters in Christ in Asia
has already brought great joy to our own lives in North America. Being ab=
to tell their stories here in our own land has been an evangelizing force
in our own communities of faith. It is our distinct privilege to be able =
walk along side the faithful witnesses scattered throughout Asia and the
Pacific Rim. Your courage inspires us; your wisdom instructs us; your
vitality renews us; and your prayers undergird our work here in North
America. Thanks be to God!

Rev. Ken Sehested is executive director of the Baptist Peace Fellowship o=
North America.

1. “Baptist Social Justice Group of Victoria, Australia,” by Andrew
Crossett, convener of the BSJG Ploughshares Taskforce, in PeaceWork,
September/October 1987, pp. 6-7.
2. Finding little support for his work among fellow Baptists, Arty later
aligned his community ministry center with the Lutheran Church.
3. BPFNA news release, dated April 22, 1992; “‘Japan Bashing: Sowing the
Seeds for War” was written by BPFNA Executive Director Ken Sehested.
4. The text references Leviticus 25 and its description of the radical
economic reordering demanded of ancient Israel every 50 years.

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Fri, 20 Jun 1997 01:33:20 -0400 (EDT)
Subject: Re: CAC List Mail: PK- A Sacred Assembly of Men

Mooch (and CACers):

I’ve been thinking about your observations about Promise Keepers. Many
“liberal” mainline Protestants or “progressive” evangelicals are much more
explicit about their suspicions of PK (in fact, _Sojourners_ came down rather
hard on their gatherings for excluding women and their use of military
metaphors). Some consider PK a recruitment tool for the political and
ideological “right.” Though my contact with them was limited to that
so-called “theological summit” on racial reconciliation [I posted my
observations on this list last year and I’ve never attended any of their
gatherings], I don’t worry so much about either their blending of Christian
faith with American patriotism or their use of high powered “sales” tactics.
Both approaches are sure-fire, tried and tested methods of appealing to a
mass audience. Charles Finney and the 19th century revivalists used them
when American society was being transformed into a “market culture.” Dwight
L. Moody, Billy Sunday, Billy Graham, and others used them to appeal to a
nation transitioning into an urban-industrial and post-industrial culture.
For that matter, John Sung and other fundamentalist Chinese evangelists
during the1930s-40s used them in a China in upheaval. [For reference, read
R. Laurence Moore’s fascinating account in his _Selling God: American
Religion in the Marketplace of Culture_ (New York: Oxford, 1994).]

We can complain all we want about how PK and other mass movements are
“selling out” to American culture, but there is no denying that this movement
– along with the “mega-church” movement – is tapping into American folk piety
or popular religiosity. PK is touching the hearts of many anxious white
males who believe that America has lost its way (i.e., a subconscious fear of
losing their white male privileges?). America is becoming more culturally
diverse – which creates anxieties for anyone who can’t get used to seeing
more than one set of cultural values. Feminism has challenged male privilege
and men don’t know how to deal with not being on top. Beleagured white men
have responded in a number of ways in the 1990s. Some have joined white
supremacist militia groups. Others have abandoned the liberal public
policies of the Democratic Party (which was not all that liberal, since most
of the “welfare” programs benefited large corporations and the middle-class
more than they did the poor). Many academics have joined the ranks of the
intellectually sterile and socially immature neo-conservative camp. Still
others are finding solace in the comforting message of PK, which affirms men
and puts them “in charge” – for a “heavenly” stadium moment.

I try to be both optimistic and sensitive to my fellow evangelicals. So I
appreciate the positive aspects of PK (at least they don’t encourage men to
join militia groups to bomb federal buildings or attack women and
minorities). Nevertheless, I think it healthy to be skeptical. There is a
real possibility that PK will become a recruiting vehicle for the Republican
Party or political conservatives since so many of its strongest supporters
(James Dobson, Gary Bauer, Tony Evans, Bill McCartney, etc.) are so much more
comfortable rubbing shoulders with someone like Newt Gingrich rather than,
say, Jesse Jackson or even Jimmy Carter (!). I think it imperative that
minorities who are invited to participate in PK’s program refuse to accept a
back seat. Our voices are needed in order to remind PK’s leadership that
there are perspectives other than that of a Republican-fundamentalist fusion.
But I think it’ll be difficult. At the theological summit, only those
considered “safe” were invited to attend (i.e., no Cornel West, no
_Sojourners_ or _ESA_ type person). Those of us, like myself, who were
invited to play token roles, found our concerns ignored or stifled (to be
fair, it was rather intimidating when a white participant ended any open
discussion by insisting that black Christians MUST forgive whites and then
dismissing the historically valid view that modern racism differs from the
types of prejudices that existed before the Enlightenment period.)

In the future, despite talking about reconciliation and race-neutrality, I
believe that the only persons of color who will be invited into groups like
PK are those who have swallowed the conservative political-theological
beliefs whole. That doesn’t really bother me. What I am concerned about is
whether the current right wing view will be perceived as the only
“evangelical” position. Also, does this perspective take into account the
historical and contemporary experiences of Asian Americans and other people
of color? Or will we be duped into supporting an agenda that only reflects
the interests of one segment of American society? (I think of all the
conservative Asian Americans and Hispanics who supported the Republican Party
only to find that same party attempting to restrict immigration and getting
into a feeding frenzy over “illegal” Asian contributions.)

So I think that Asian American Christians need to be in better touch with our
fellow Asian Americans in order to discern more wisely when approached by
even those who call on the same Lord. My theology of sin does not
automatically turn anyone who accepts Christ into a sanctified and perfected
saint. While our sin is forgiven, we cannot say that we are not without sin.
I cannot believe that once we are saved, we are restored to total innocence
and pure righteousness in this life. So even when a sincere brother or
sister in Christ approaches us with a great vision and invokes God’s name,
discernment is necessary. Behind the religious language, does this person’s
actions and agenda benefit only one segment in society or the Church? Or
does it take into consideration that Christians reflect the diversity of
God’s creation and may not always agree with one another (sorry, my Baptist
background is showing). One example: the abortion debate. I consider myself
a “soft” and “consistent” pro-lifer. But rather than fixate on trying to get
a constitutional amendment to ban abortion, I see the issue in broader
strokes. To be pro-life doesn’t mean limiting the definition of life to a
fetus. What about the issues of life for women? for the poor? for the
powerless in our world? Can we really say that our post-modern,
post-industrial, capitalist society does not murder those who are the
weakest? It has now been 15 years since the racially motivated murder of
Vincent Chin. Shouldn’t the issue of racism play a part in our “pro-life”
agenda? Privileged as we are as Christians in America, shouldn’t we choose
issues that put us in touch with the very people we are ministering to in
Christ’s name? Or shall we be known as “model minority” recruiters?

Apologies for this lengthy post. If you are interested in getting the
perspectives of some anti-PK groups (who are also appalled at the Religious
Right – and can be somewhat excessive and unfair in their critique of the
Right, but, in my opinion, are usually on target), look these groups up:

People of Faith Network
c/o Lafayette Ave. Presbyterian Church
85 South Lafayette Street
Brooklyn, New York 11217
(718) 625-7515
FAX (718) 797-4556

The Interfaith Alliance
1511 K Street, NW, Suite 738
Washington, D.C. 20005
(202) 639-6370
FAX (202) 639-6373

Center for Democratic Renewal
PO Box 50469
Atlanta, GA 30302
(404) 221-0025
FAX (404) 221-0045

Center for New Community
6429 W. North Avenue, Suite101
Oak Park, IL 60302
(708) 848-0319
FAX (708) 848-0327

Center for Democracy Studies, Promise Keepers Project
c/o The Nation Institute
177 East 87th Street, Suite 404
New York, New York 10128
(212) 423-9237
FAX (212) 423-9352
[produces PK Watch newsletter; briefing papers, and videotapes on the Promise
Keepers. Provides speakers on the Promise Keepers movement and the Christian

Political Research Associates
120 Beacon Street, Suite 202
Somerville, MA 02143-4304
(617) 661-9313
FAX (617) 661-0059
[produces quarterly journal _The Public Eye_ covering the Christian right and
its secular allies. Maintains a library of primary and secondary materials
on the entire scope of the Right.]

Coalition for Human Dignity
PO Box 21266
Seattle, WA 98111
(206) 233-9775
FAX (206) 233-9850
[Produces biannual _The Dignity Report_ and topical reports on the white
supremacist movement and the Christian right.]

Now that I’ve provided the names of these organizations, please do not, I
repeat – DO NOT – go out and attempt to bomb them just because they may
interpret their faith or politics differently. šŸ˜‰

Hoping to hear more discussion about this topic on this list (come on, now,
it’s summer!).

Tim Tseng

— End —

To: Multiple recipients of list cac
Date: Sat, 21 Jun 1997 01:35:01 -0700
From: Ken Fong
Subject: CAC List Mail: Clarifying an earlier statement about PK hype

Hey, Gang!

For those of you who might be interested, let me clarify my earlier
comments about PK hype.

If you recall, I mentioned a conversation I had recently with a brother
who works for PK re. my openness to speaking at an upcoming PK nat’l
event. I realize now that what I wrote might have been construed as a
slam against this brother, whom many of us might know. I think I was
trying to make another point, but I can see how I might have come across
as saying that this brother was ‘guilty’ of overhyping a PK event like
the other PK honchos. I’ve already asked for forgiveness from this dear
brother, regardless of what my actual or original intentions were in
sharing that episode. I just want to set the record straight about our
brother. In fact, the more I recollect what I wrote and why I included
it, at that time, part of me was hearing his words as ‘overhype’ but
since we’ve talked further, I realize now that I was misconstruing his
intentions. He wasn’t trying to ‘impress me’ into being a part of the
PK event. He was actually expressing his real and honest amazement at
how I wasn’t tempted to get involved given the scope of this event. My

Thanks for allowing me to clarify(?) myself. As far as I am concerned,
knowing what I do now of what this brother meant, my adding that
anecdote to the dialogue about PK hype was way off target.

ken fong

— End —